Reform Movements 1-Emily Silvia and KatelynMatthews

The reform movements was a time when people wanted women's rights, to abolish slavery, make prisons better, promote public education, and ban alcohol.

Foundations of Reform

The efforts in the beginning of the reform movements laid down the foundation of this country. A man who contributed greatly was Henry David Thoreau, who challenged the law to prove a point. It was known as civil disobedience. The works of many writers who wrote poems during this period also set a spark. The writers made a new truely American voice. Politics also ignited the flame in the Foundations of reform. When Andrew Jackson was elected in 1828, all the citizens of the US knew that they could fix the problems and it finally gave them hop.

Abolitionists

Slavey is when one person or group of people is forced to do tedious work for someone else.

This is exactly what the Abolitionists wanted to end.

The slave owners mainly wanted the slaves picking cotton to sell and make profit.

The abolitionists, in the mid 1800s, were speaking out against slavery after forming their own group. Fredrick Douglass was one of the many in this group but Douglass was the main face.

Women's Rights Movement

This movement started when Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton tried to speak out against slavery at the World Antislavery Convention in London but were silenced because they were women. The two women decided to hold a women's rights Convention in New York. They demanded quality for all women. The main leaders of this movement were Susan B. Anthony, Lucretia Mott, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

Prison Reform and Care of the Disabled

When Dorothea Dix went to teach a Sunday school at a local jail, she saw the terrible conditions.

She knew something had to be done.

There were men bound in chains, little food, very little sanitation, and severe crowding. People were being beaten and whipped just for being considered "insane" for their behavior.

Dix also saw the terrible treatment of the meantally ill.

They were crowded and not being treated for their illness.....only punished.

Dix reported all of this. She was able to get the cruel punishments outlaws, discontinue debtors prisons', and create a special justice system for children(today known as juvenile detention center).

Public Education

http://northwesthistoryexpress.com/timeline/education1800.php

In the mid-1800s, many children didn't go to school because of the cost. Horace Mann, known as "the father of public schools", was the head of the board of education in Massachusetts and wanted to improve the quality and afordability of schools. After Mann's speech, the people of Massachusetts wanted to try to pay extra taxes to help better the quality of the schools, give the teachers higher salaries, and to open schools for teacher training. Public schools began to pop up all across the country.

The Temperance Movement

In the late 1820s, people began to think the alcohol abuse was too widespread and was causing the break up of families and causing mental illness. This was all pretty much a ban of drinking, buying, and selling alcohol. By 1850, Maine had banned the sale of alcohol and other states were in Maine's footsteps. The laws were later repealed but will soon gain strength in the late 1800s.

Labor Reform

Adults and even children were being out to work in factory's in horrible conditions for long hours everyday. Some people worked for 12 hours a day.

The people that were working began a campaign to try to decrease the working hours to about 8 hours per day. In time, labor unions were formed to help protect the workers. The reform also even began to help against child labor.

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