In the mid-1800s, many children didn't go to school because of the cost. Horace Mann, known as "the father of public schools", was the head of the board of education in Massachusetts and wanted to improve the quality and afordability of schools. After Mann's speech, the people of Massachusetts wanted to try to pay extra taxes to help better the quality of the schools, give the teachers higher salaries, and to open schools for teacher training. Public schools began to pop up all across the country.
The Temperance Movement