What was it?
The Elizabethan Era is the time period in England's history under the rule of Queen Elizabeth 1 (1558-1603) ("Daily Life in the Elizabethan Era" 1).
BiographyChannel. “Mini Bio: Elizabeth I.” YouTube, YouTube, 13 Feb. 2014, www.youtube.com/watch?v=cDg9AoJYxeY. Accessed 17 Feb. 2017.
How did Queen Elizabeth I's Rule Impact England?
During this time period, the population in England (particularly in London) increased rapidly (Stewart 8). Throughout many people lived and worked in very small communities (Weatherly 15). However, not everyone lived in small, rural towns. In fact, the population in London (England's largest and most prosperous city) went from 12,000 to 200,000 (Stewart 8). Within these cities and small towns, individuals worked to create or grow everything needed for survival (food, clothing etc.). Although the majority of people living in England at this time were not of the nobility (approximately 3% of the population was wealthy), the country did see an increase in wealth during Queen Elizabeth's rule (Lace 10).
TOWER OF LONDON, 1560. - Detail from the 'Agas' map of 1560 showing the Tower of London on the Thames River.. Fine Art. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/140_1707065/1/140_1707065/cite. Accessed 27 Feb 2017.
During Queen Elizabeth's rule, England experienced many great successes. In fact, the Elizabethan Era has been labeled a "golden age" in England. This period of time was particularly known for the prosperity of literature, drama, music and poetry (Weatherly 10). Many of England's most famous writers such William Shakespeare were writing during this time period.
SHAKESPEARE: FOLIO, 1623. - 'Comedies, Histories and Tragedies,' by William Shakespeare. First folio edition, published at London, England, 1623, by Iaggard and Blount.. Fine Art. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/140_1629442/1/140_1629442/cite. Accessed 17 Feb 2017.
What was the Renaissance?
A large part of the Elizabethan Era was the beginning of The English Renaissance. The Renaissance was known as a "rebirth" of learning and culture (Lace 11). This was a time during England's history that was guided by "classical" thought ("England" 2). "Classical" thought was the rebirth of many themes seen during ancient Greece and Rome.
"Daily Life in the Elizabethan Era." Elizabethan World Reference Library, edited by Sonia G. Benson and Jennifer York Stock, vol. 1: Almanac, UXL, 2007, pp. 181-194. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX2587000021/WHIC?u=nysl_ca_queen&xid=504c1e5e. Accessed 17 Feb. 2017.
"England." Renaissance: An Encyclopedia for Students, edited by Paul F. Grendler, vol. 2, Charles Scribner's Sons, 2004, pp. 47-52. World History in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CX3409200158/WHIC?u=nysl_ca_queen&xid=f3b9b7d6. Accessed 17 Feb. 2017.
Lace, William W. Elizabethan England. San Diego, CA, Lucent Books, 1995.
Stewart, Gail B. Life in Elizabethan London. San Diego, Gale Group, 2003.
Weatherly, Myra. Living in Elizabethan England. San Diego, Thomson Gale, 2004.