The American Revolutionary War Part I By Gracie, Kate, and Jax

The following is written about the turning points in the American Revolution. Everything in this project is about events that took place early in the war, when the colonists were losing horribly. Read below to find out how we turned the war around.

Crossing the Delaware
"Every generation needs a new revolution."

-Thomas Jefferson

General George Washington

The Crossing of the Delaware River occurred on December 25 1776 which led General Washington to lead the Americans into Trenton New Jersey, and take over the city from British control.

"War - An act of violence whose object is to constrain the enemy, to accomplish our will"

- George Washington

On the evening of December 25th 1776 General George Washington led his army of 2,400 men across the Delaware River. The next morning his troops launched a surprise attack against a Hessians outpost in the city of Trenton, New Jersey. The attack saw the americans kill 22 Hessian soldiers and capture around 1,000 of their men. Before the attack the Americans were low in morale as they were forced out of New York by the British and Hessians. The Battle of Trenton was a big morale booster for the Americans because on January 3rd Washington men led a raid against the British troops in Princeton.

"We fight, get beat, rise, and fight again."

- Nathanael Greene

The Battle of Monmouth

"Sir, they are able, and by God they shall do it!"

-George Washington said this to Charles Lee when Lee doubted whether the Americans could beat the British.

The Battle of Monmouth occurred on June 28, 1778 in Monmouth, New Jersey.

General Washington sent Major General Lee to attack the British with a small portion of the army. After Lee's troops confused the British a bit, Washington was supposed to lead the main army from Valley Forge and join in the fighting. Lee didn't agree with General Washington's plan, so the troops were turned over to Marquis de Lafayette. Major General Lee found out and immediately demanded that he be put back in his position.

When given the word from General Washington, Lee took his troops to fight the advancing British. After several hours of fighting, Major General Lee called for a retreat because no one had spotted General Washington or the main army yet. When Lee and General Washington eventually ran into each other, Washington was very angry and cursed Major General Lee very furiously.

“[T]he harder the conflict, the greater the triumph.”

-George Washington said this to inspire his troops.

General Washington decided to attack the British, again, when encouraged by Marquis de Lafayette, Nathanael Greene, and Anthony Wayne. The fighting lasted all day until night fell. Washington saw campfires during the night, but in the morning realized that they were just a ruse. The British had escaped and headed to New York.

With the British gone, General Washington and his army claimed the Battle of Monmouth as a win for America. Washington was greatly praised for his bravery during the whole ordeal.

This battle is significant because it was one where George Washington had to exert leadership he was famous for. If Washington had just given up as Lee did and went back to Valley Forge, then the colonists would have lost that battle and the British would've had an easy trip to New York. A few of Washington's officers, including Lee, didn't think it was a good idea to attack the British. They doubted whether the colonists were actually that strong and willing. Washington was confronted by other men, including Marquis de Lafayette, that persuaded not to listen to Lee and his comrades but to go for it. If this hadn't happened then we wouldn't have fought the British which delayed their arrival in New York. This would've been a big loss, for the colonists, if Washington hadn't inspired his troops to fight. Instead, The Battle of Monmouth was a great win for the colonists and encouraged more people to fight for their rights.

The French in the American Revolution

The colonists and the French were good allies because of France's loss to England in the Seven Years' War. Because of France's loss to the, French had a greater reason to help us. But what did we need from the French? Their navy. At the time France had a very powerful navy, which they let us use. Without the French we wouldn't have won the war. Keep reading to find out how we became allies.

The French flag is the symbol of France, and it is very important because it represents how they, in a way, raised their flag as we raised ours.
"I gave my heart to the Americans and thought of nothing else but raising my colors and adding my banner to theirs."

-The Marquis de Lafayette

The French joined us in the American Revolution, and barely expected anything. All they wanted was to see the British lose the American Colonies. The Marquis de Lafayette was a key example of a member of our French alliance.

On February 6, 1778, the Treaty of Alliance was signed to form an alliance between the French and the American. But how did we get there?

"The good fortune of America is tied to the good fortune of the good fortune of all humanity."

-The Marquis de Lafayette

This is a peak example of one of the Frenchmen who believed in the United States.

Before the treaty was signed, the United States sent over a group of people to try to form an alliance with the French. This group was led by Benjamin Franklin. This alliance needed to happen because the colonists were losing to the British. The French saw a chance to help defeat the English, for good reasons too. The French minister, Minister Comte de Vergennes, was in favor of becoming an alliance, but hesitant after George Washington's defeat in New York. Although they hadn't signed anything to formally become an alliance, France was sending the United States help on the down low. Without the French alliance, we would've lost the war.

This is Minister Comte de Verggenes, the man who decided that France would sign the Treaty of Alliance.

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