The land that is now California was not always part of the United States. Many years ago, it used to be a part of Mexico.
The area on the map that is yellow represents the land that used to belong to Mexico.
In 1846 Mexico and the United States fought a war over who would get to keep the states now known as California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Texas, and Utah. It was called the Mexican-American war.
In California, it was called the Bear Flag Revolt.
The United States won the war. In 1848, Mexico signed the treaty of Hidalgo and the United States gained the territories of California through New Mexico.
California became an independent territory, but was not yet a state.
In 1849, just as the gold rush was gaining momentum, Bennett Riley (the military leader of the territory) called a meeting to create a constitution for California.
On September 9, 1850, the United States accepted California as an official state!
Created with images by Håkan Dahlström - "California Republic" • Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "California Grunge Flag" • Calsidyrose - "California Historical Map"
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