First Bank of the US Re-charter failure
During Madison's term the BUS or Bank of the US was up for rechartering. The bank was made by Alexander Hamilton the first Secretary of Treasury, who made it to assume states debt to give the government money. Once he left office the BUS stayed until 1811 when it went up for renewal, the then secretary of treasury Oliver Wolcott Jr. told congress that they should take all stock out of the Bank for financial stability. The vote came down to a tie, and the VP George Clinton chose to against renewal, and the bank was closed. The building was later bought by a man named Stephen Girard.
Battle of Tippecanoe
This battle took place on November 7th 1811, and was fought at what is now Battle Grounds Indian. This fight was between Governor William Harrison, and the Native American leader Tecumseh. The reason for the fight was due to the American expansion into Native American territory. Tecumseh called for Harrison to come meet with him to talk things out Harrison complied. On November 6th Harrison camped in the woods with his soldiers, before the meeting. Tecumseh was away recruiting new members, so the then leader Tenskwatawa was to meet with Harrison. Tenskwatawa decided he would charge the American encampment, this didn't end well. After two hours of fighting Harrison won, and sent men to the Natives home, they found no one. They proceeded to burn the town and moved on. After this Harrison declared a victory and was given the nickname "Tippecanoe."
Cumberland Road, or the National road
The road that was started in 1811, and stretched from western Maryland to Vandalia Illinois. The road was the first federally funded road, which was meant to connect all of the US. The highway was also the first to have tollhouses. These tollhouses were meant to collect money from travelers. This is one of the tollhouses in Pennsylvania.
WAR OF 1812
The War of 1812 was a 2 year was between the US and Great Britain. This war was brought about due to trade restrictions by the British and their fight with France in the Napoleonic wars, and the Impressment of over 10,000 US sailors.
A war hawk was someone who favored war, or wanted to escalate the war they were already in. These people were the reason we entered the war.
Invasion of Canada
Many believed that the Invasion of Canada would be extremely easy but they were wrong. The invasion went awfully, the Americans believe that would be seen as liberators but they weren't. The Canadians had the British and the Native Americans on their side. After much fighting the Americans captured York the then capital of Canada and burned it down, this would be reciprocated to the Americans later on in the war.
Burning of Washington
Battle of Baltimore
This battle was turing point for American forces, in which the Americans fended off the British navy in the port of Baltimore. This battle ended in the British Captain bringing killed, and the Americans winning. This battle also led to Francis Scott Key writing the poem "Defense of Fort McHenry" which would later be adopted as our national anthem "Star-Spangled Banner."
The Hartford Convention was a series of meeting to talk about grievances concerning the War of 1812. New England voted on seceding from the war do to many losses for them.
Battle of New Orleans
This battle was a American victory and in which only 8 americans were killed. This battle took place after the Treaty of Ghent, neither side knew this so they fought. This battle inspired American nationalism.
Treaty of Ghent
This treaty ended the War of 1812 and restored status quo; territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner; set up commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border.
2nd Bank of the US
The 2nd BUS was created by James Madison and was modeled after the first.
James Madisons Administration in Summary
In summary Madisons term in office was one in which he connected the states through new roads, and highways, but also hurt the American people. The non-renewal of the BUS hurt many Americans, and the War of 1812, no one won, all land which was won through fights were given back and everything went back to normal.