Humans Seek Justice Types of Government Overview

Anarchy

Anarchy is the condition of a society, entity, group of people, or a single person that rejects hierarchy, meaning that they reject a system in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority. Anarchy originally meaning not having a leader now comes to the definition of stateless societies based on voluntary associations.

The dictionary definition of anarchy is a "state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority."

Communism

The dictionary definition of Communism is:

"a theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the state."

Communism is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose goal is to establish a communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money, and the state.

Democracy

The dictionary definition of Democracy is:

"a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives."

A democracy is a system of government in which the citizens exercise power directly or elect representatives from among themselves to form a governing body, such as a parliament. Democracy is sometimes referred to as "rule of the majority". Democracy was originally conceived in Classical Greece, where political representatives were chosen by a jury from amongst the male citizens: rich and poor.

Dictatorship

The dictionary definition of dictatorship is: "government by a dictator."

The definition of dictator is: "A dictator is a ruler who wields absolute power. A state ruled by a dictator is called a dictatorship. The word originated as the title of a magistrate in the Roman Republic appointed by the Senate to rule the republic in times of emergency."

Dictatorship is a form of government where a country or a group of countries is ruled by one person or political entity, and exercised through various mechanisms to ensure that the entity's power remains strong.

Monarchy

The dictionary definition of Monarchy is "A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, usually a family called the dynasty, embodies the country's national identity and one of its members, called the monarch, exercises a role of sovereignty."

Traditionally and in most cases, the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication, but there are also elective monarchies where the monarch is elected. Each of these has variations: in some elected monarchies only those of certain pedigrees are, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, and other factors.

Oligarchy

The dictionary definition of Oligarchy is: "a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution."

Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power actually rests with a small number of people. These people might be distinguished by nobility, wealth, family ties, education or corporate, religious or military control.

Republic

The dictionary definition of republic: a state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.

A republic is a sovereign state, country, or government which is organized with a form of government in which power resides in elected individuals representing the citizen body

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