Safe Water for All By phillip sol

Summary: Throughout the world, water is not safe to drink. From places like Africa to even your neighborhood, we can find contaminated water.
How I encountered my topic: In the beginning, I first encountered this topic when I was looking through articles. During this time at school, I was learning all about the importance of water and how it can impact my health. Then I came across this one article from the New York Times. It was called, "For Third World, Water Is Still a Deadly Drink" by Nicholas D. Kristof. After doing a little bit of research over the years, my school newspaper, "The Verdict" posted an article on the high levels of lead in the school water. The news about the water contamination pervaded through the school so rapidly. This was when I realized that it was not only third world countries with dirty water and this was an important and global issue. If given the chance, I hope to go to third world countries, specifically, Africa, and experience the problem first hand and see how metals, mercury, lead, cadmium, arsenic, fluoride, cyanide, and other potential contaminants affect many peoples lives daily and over time.
Why it is important: In my opinion, everyone should have access to an improved water source which includes a household connection, public standpipe, borehole well, protected dug well, protected spring, or rainwater collection because water is the most important thing for human being. Without water human being cannot live. To me, water should be safe so we must preserve water and maintain safe water for human beings. All diseases are in dirty water, which human beings drink, which leads to sickness, resulting in death. If we cannot easily receive drinking water, we can preserve it by using alternative rain water harvesting system. Death causing dirty water affects 663 million people every day and 2.4 billion of them don't have adequate sanitation. This is why clean water should be available for all.
I have three questions about this topic. (1) How come first world countries have a cleaner water supply then third world countries? What are the causes of it? (2) Is it possible to convert ocean water into clean unsalted water cheap and efficiently? (3) How come third world countries do not utilize their rain water (excluding deserts)?

Credits:

Created with images by Aquilatin - "water swimming pool blue" • bella67 - "drip drop of water wave" • Jaro Larnos - "Water" • Art Poskanzer - "rough water" • steve conry - "boundary waters" • hdptcar - "Young girl carrying water in Ota"

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