Since Egypt was under British imperialism, which began in Egypt in 1882, the nation experienced extreme hardship and of liberties. The British military took control of existing political structures and economies while Egypt's Ottoman rulers, the khedives, provided a facade of native autonomy. It was not until 1952 that the British military left the country and ended its imperialist aims.
With cotton as its most important cash crop, Egypt took advantage of the global cotton market during the American Civil War and the Depression of 1873 by selling cotton to meet a growing demand.
The Urabi Revolt and Consequences
This foreign interference threatened Egypt's social and political structures, especially the military. In 1881, Colonel Ahmad 'Urabi of the Egyptian military led a mutiny against European encroachment.
In 1805 after Egypt’s leader, his son, Said Pasha, and his grandson created a huge national depth while trying to modernize Egypt and also pay for the construction for the Suez Canal.
Th role within the empire........
The foremost British interest in Egypt was always because of its strategic position. However profitable contracts and business was in the country, it was the fact that Egypt lay between Britain and India that made it so vitally important for the British.
The face of the Sphinx is generally believed to represent the Pharaoh Khafre.
Cut from the bedrock, the original shape of the Sphinx has been restored with layers of blocks. It measures 238 feet (73 m) long from paw to tail, 66.3 ft (20.21 m) high from the base to the top of the head and 62.6 feet (19 m) wide at its rear haunches.
It is the oldest known monumental sculpture in Egypt and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom occurring to the reign of the Pharaoh Khafre
In April 1882 France and Great Britain sent warships to Alexandria to bolster the Khedive amidst a turbulent rise to protect European lives and property.
Egyptians nationalists spread fear of invasion throughout the country to bolster Islamic and Arabian revolutionary action.
The Suez Canal and the British Conquest of Egypt, was the start of the Scramble for Africa was the British takeover of Egypt in 1882. The French designed and managed the Suez Canal project with European capital and Egyptian labor.