The Opium War Opium trade with Britain and its Effects

1839-1860

At this time both Britain and China were ruled by monarchs. They were imperialistic nations that wanted everything to benefit th growth and power countries.

The Chinese people in government were very in tune with their culture and would not stand for cultural influence from any outside nations so they set down regulations on trade to keep out foreigners.

Britain would not stand for the absurd trade regulations China had put on trade. They made a plan to negotiate three points that would benefit trade eliminate the monopoly trade location and deregulate the trade, put a British diplomat in China and allow a British controlled territory to be set up on a Chinese island. Because of cultural differences there wasn't much understanding between the nations and no diplomatic solutions were reached. Each nation thought they were better than the other.
Opium

The British knew that they could make a lot of money off of Opium.

BeCause it was so addictivE

They hoped Opium trade would help fix the trade deficit.

Opium was and is illegal

The British trading organizations knew this and could not risk being kicked out of China. They set up a trade port outside out of China, in British controlled India, allowing smugglers to bring Opium back to China in exchange for silver.

Opium became a huge problem in China. Many Chinese people became highly addicted to the drug and China was losing tons of money.

There are many intelligent people in China. Surely there are some who, having learned from the barbarians, can surpass them ... *

The Chinese government had enough with Opium and decided to act. They banned all Opium in China, arrested drug dealers, closed Opium dens, put Chinese people in rehab and they kicked all of the British out of China. They also burned all the British Opium which was worth a lot of money.

The British left China to Hong Kong, a small island off the coast of China. The British on Hong Kong were starving and traveled back to China to get food. The Chinese government intercepted them and started a battle which began the Opium War.

For a long time China Isolated themselves from the Western World. When it was time for the Opium war China was not Industrialized yet. They had no technological advances that could match the British inventions.

The Industrial Revolution bestowed Britain a huge amount of fire power. They had a physical and technological advantage over the Chinese.

They were able to annhilate the Chinese Navy and take control of Hong Kong. The Chinese also had to pay Britain an indemnity for all Opium that was destroyed and for the cost of the war. An indemnity is money you pay for losing a war.

It being obviously necessary and desirable, that British Subjects should have some Port whereat they may careen and refit their Ships, when required, and keep Stores for that purpose, His Majesty the Emperor of China cedes to Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, etc., the Island of Hong‐Kong, to be possessed in perpetuity by her Britannic Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, and to be governed by such Laws and Regulations as Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, etc., shall see fit to direct. **

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