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Benghazi in Pictures ACTED Multi-sector Needs Assessment in Selected IDP Camps, Collective Shelters and Informal Settlements, Benghazi Libya, January 2018

Benghazi is one of the most conflict-affected areas in Libya, ranking as a level six “catastrophic problem” in terms of severity of needs according to the 2018 Humanitarian Needs Overview and hosting the largest proportion of internally displaced persons (IDPs) (45,195 individuals) and the largest proportion of returnees (146,900 individuals) in the country.

However, some families in Benghazi are worse off than others. Lacking better options or the means to rent, some displaced and even non-displaced families have been forced into cramped unfinished buildings, schools, makeshift houses made of scrap metal plates and plastic, abandoned company premises, and in some cases even tents.

In order to get a glimpse of the needs and challenges of the families living in these precarious situations across the city, ACTED visited Bodhema and Helis IDP camps, Shouhada Bouzgheiba and Abubaker Alrazi Schools (collective shelters), as well as the Turkish company (informal settlement for non-displaced households) in January 2018.

Interviews with families in these areas highlight how vulnerable they are compared to the average family in Benghazi. They have less diverse and nutritious food consumption, much higher reliance on negative coping strategies (like reducing expenses on health and education), higher school dropout rates, and lower rates of receiving healthcare when in need.

1. Top left: ACTED Monitoring and Evaluation staff interviews a displaced Tawerghan woman in Helis Camp, which is a former construction company site, still full of related heavy machinery. 2. Top middle: Residences composed of bare blocks, roofed with scrap metal and tarps in Helis Camp 3. Top right: Former storage facilities shared by families for shelter inside of Helis Camp. 4. Bottom left: Inside of family home in Turkish Company public housing site for low-income non-displaced.
Outside of the abandoned Turkish company premises now used as a free public housing site for low-income non-displaced families. The site consists mostly of trailers, small prefabricated or unfinished houses and muddy unpaved roads.
1. Top: Sewage water floods the former school playground of Shouhada Bouzgheiba school, where 35 displaced households are now calling home. 2. Bottom left: Former hallway in Abubaker Al Razi school where displaced families are now hanging their laundry out to dry. 3. Bottom middle: Graffitied hallway of Abubaker Al Razi school collective shelter. 4. Bottom right: Bathroom stall in Shouhada Bouzgheiba school shared by displaced families.

Lack of money appears to be the main obstacle preventing families from getting the basic services and goods they need for a dignified and healthy life. Many families say that not having enough money is the number one factor preventing them from accessing adequate housing, buying needed market items (84%), receiving healthcare (65%), and why their children are not regularly attending and/or dropping out of school (31%).

Basic services in Helis camp (shared bathroom, health clinic, water tap, and school).

Despite the high level of need, these communities have often been untouched by the humanitarian response so far.

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