Education and Learning Owen Jennings

Part 1

Education is a privilege. One can be successful and not get an education, same with a paying job. However, in some cases, education can be key in making it out of one's harsh standard of living. Education is a key part in the coming of age of a person, and one's experiences at school give character, personality and fulfillment of the mind. Every day people struggle to gain this valuable resource and are rejected for a reason they can not even control. Children are denied education due to gender, disabilities or economic problems within the family or the school.

"My family is everything. I am what I am thanks to my mother, my father, my brother, my sister... because they have given me everything. The education I have is thanks to them." -Ronaldinho

Gender

Many children are restricted from schools or not given equal schooling in various countries around the world due to their gender. Young girls make up 54% of the out-of-school child population, since 2000. This mainly occurs in Muslim countries, and people blame religion and culture for the inequality.

http://peace-iisglb.com

276 girls were abducted this year from Borno, Nigeria due to the school being considered a threat to Islam.

This graphic shows the gender parity index for various countries in Asia, the Middle East and Africa, comparing 2002 (Green) and 2014 (Orange).

Girls often miss out on education due to belief that there is less value in educating a girl than a boy. Instead, they are sent to work or made to stay at home to look after siblings and work on household chores.

Disabilities

As developing countries are still working to solve gender inequality, developed countries such as the United States are figuring out integration of children with special needs into schools. Well-before 2000, there have been many solutions created to solve this problem. There are now special facilities with 2:1 teaching or special machines such as chair lifts implemented in normal schools.

“The whole sense of the school, as an inclusive community, is disrupted and undermined by the practical limitations of disability access. Proper access for disabled pupils is the foundation for increased and sustained disability awareness in schools” - Paul Green, Versatile Lift Company
https://www.osep-meeting.org/2011conf/presentations/Breakouts/Tue_PM-35yrEdChildwDisabilities/markowitz.htm

In Australia, Disability Standards for Education were formulated under the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 and tabled in Parliament on 17 March 2005 and came into effect in August 2005.

90% of children with disabilities in developing countries do not attend school, says UNESCO.

Economics

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/suzanne-skees/the-karimu-kids-from-clas_b_3915574.html

Children should be entitled to a basic education. In 2015, many world leaders saw this as a goal and made a push for the next ten years to make this a heavily focused issue. As for families in developing countries, it is very hard for parents to pay for the needs of their child to attend school so they face the crucial question: Loan the money out and hope their child can earn it back, or not have their child go to school at all?

About 113 million children worldwide were not enrolled in school due to monetary reasons.

Teachers in schools as well as administrators want children to get educated. From the 77 out of the 79 countries surveyed, school fees may cover teachers' and administrators' salaries, materials such as pencils and textbooks, and school maintenance. Or parents may make payments in kind, for example, providing food for the teachers, assisting in the classroom, or contributing their labor for school construction or maintenance.

https://thehearttruths.com/2014/05/06/singapore-first-world-economy-first-world-costs-third-world-everything-else/

Part 2

Current Gender Inequality

Over 100 million young women living in developing countries are unable to read a single sentence

GPE (Global Partnership for Education) has helped 10 million girls to go to school. 28 of GPE’s developing country partners have succeeded in getting equal numbers of girls and boys to complete primary school. With a successful replenishment, GPE aims to increase the percentage of girls completing primary school from 74% to 84% by 2018.

http://www.prb.org/Publications/Reports/2003/EmpoweringWomenDevelopingSocietyFemaleEducationintheMiddleEastandNorthAfrica.aspx

In Malaysia, enrollment rates of girls are equal to, or exceed, those of boys at all levels of schooling. 88.1 percent.

Gender equality is rising in schools around the world as countries have been more open to recognizing equal rights in women. The numbers are on a steady incline and by 2030 boys and girls around the world will be close to having equal education.

Schooling for the disabled

In the fall of 2012, there were 67,529,839 students ages 6 to 21 in the United States with disabilities. Of these students ages 6 to 21, 5,693,441 or 8.4 percent received special education.

http://apps.npr.org/unfit-for-work/

The overall percentage of students being served in programs for those with disabilities decreased between 2004 - 05 (13.8 percent) and 2010 - 11 (13.0 percent).

In some of the world’s poorest countries, up to 95% of children with disabilities are out of school.

The number and percentage of children and youth served under IDEA have declined each year from 2005 - 06 through 2011 - 12. By 2011 - 12, the number of children and youth receiving services had declined to 6.4 million, corresponding to 13 percent of total public school enrollment.

While the United States may not be a developing country, they still need equality in their education system. From the statistics shown, the enrollment of a disabled child in public school has been decreasing rapidly. There is no denying that the U.S. needs to find a solution to this problem and at this rate by 2030, the numbers look upsetting.

Economics

Globally, the UN estimates that 1.6 million additional new teachers are required to achieve universal primary education by 2015, and 5.1 million more are needed to achieve universal lower secondary education by 2030.

Children in many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are often squeezed into overcrowded classrooms, classrooms that are falling apart, or are learning outside. In Malawi, for example, there are 130 children per classroom in grade 1

The Global Partnership is aiming to raise $3.5 billion in new investment from donor countries into the GPE fund, as well as increases in other aid to education

Economics is certainly one of the biggest problems in the global education system today. While education should be provided to everyone, people in less fortunate countries have to make many sacrifices for their child to gain the smallest of education. By 2030 however, there will be many more teachers and schools around the world as the UN and other global organizations make education a top priority.

Part 3

Chad

Chad has a gross national product per capita of only $215. When they established independence from the French in 1960, the Chadians attempted to make education a top priority.

http://africageographic.com/blog/chad-8-reasons-chad-should-be-your-next-african-adventure/

Background

Throughout history, Chad has been the battlefield for many cross-tribal disagreements. Even though they have gained independence, and have had it since the 1960's, Chad has never been a stable country and is still developing. Today, Chad remains a country that is full of tribal influence but is still very undeveloped.

Education in Chad

Less than 50% of people are enrolled in school, and only 20% of people actually complete school. This is the "best case scenario" for people of Chad.

While people in Chad may not recieve very much education, the parents of the chilren still try to get their child the best education they can get. There are many groups set up to build schools, as well as donate $2 a year to government-run schools with the hope to create a better educational environment.

https://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/chad_81925.html

20% of children that go to school are in the community-run schools.

Conclusion

No matter how hard the people of Chad try to get an education for their children, they do not have the resources to do so. Fewer than half of adults that got schooling can actually read. However, there is a large part of government funding and help of global organizations that are going to education. Without these organizations, who knows where the children of Chad would be.

The end

Credits:

Created with images by jarmoluk - "apple education school" • PactoVisual - "books library school" • Indo_girl2010 - "Girls, Banda Aceh" • BestBuddiesDE - "George Read Middle School" • Meditations - "algebra analyse architect" • tpsdave - "afghanistan school classroom" • Free Grunge Textures - www.freestock.ca - "Chad Grunge Flag" • jasoneppink - "United Noshes"

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