South Africa Timeline Emilia Nowaczewski

Fourth Century Indigenous San and Khoikhoi

The Khoisan people, a blend of the Khkhoi and the San people.

The San and Khoikhoi are two of South Africa’s native tribes. The San were hunters while the Khoikhoi were pastoral herders. The Khoikhoi were the first to come into contact with the Dutch and given the nickname ‘Bushmen’. Today they are know as the Khoisan and are still domestic herders.

1910 Formation of the Union of South Africa

The four colonies of South Africa.

Negotiations held in 1908 and 1909 lead to the formation of the Union of South Africa. A constitution was written with three main principles: it was to have a Westminster style government, the voting rights for black South Africans were up to the the four colonies separately, and the official languages were to be Dutch and English.

1912 African National Congress Founded

The five main men that helped create the ANC.

The African National Congress (ANC) was originally founded as the South African Native National Congress (SANNC) and had a rough start, with it's main goal being equal rights for black South Africans. It was founded by Saul Musane, Josiah, John Dube, Pixly ka Isaka Seme, and Sol Plaatje, along with chiefs and church orginizations.

1948 National Congress Founded

Two white women sit together on a bench while two black people sit on a separate bench. An example of aparthied.

On May 26th 1948 the National Party won the general election in South Africa. The National Party was a political party that put in the policy of an racial segregation called "Aparthied." It was very similar to the segregation that took place in the U.S. and took away rights from the black majority of South Africa.

1950 Population Classified by Race, Nelson Mandela Begins Civil Disobedience.

Nelson Mandela speaking to a crowd in 1950.

Two years after the National Party got elected aparthied began to take shape. The government bans marriage and sexual relations between whites and people of color, and begins classifying South Africans by four races, Bantu (black), Coloured (mixed race), White, and later on Asian was added. Nelson Mandela also started becoming more prominent, he had recently become a lawyer and planned a may-day march than gained attention.

1964 ANC Leader Nelson Mandela Sentanced to Life Imprisoned

Nelson Mandela being taken to prison, 1964.

On June 12th, 1964, Nelson Mandela was sentanced to a life in prison. Though he strictly protested peacefully, he was sentanced for "committed sabatage against South Africa's apartheid government." He was initially going to be executed in prison, but for fear of him becoming a martyr the government let him live. This event invoked outrage throughout anti-aparthied South Africa.

1994 ANC Wins Elections, Mandela Becomes President.

Nelson Mandela speaking to South Africa as their president.

The general elections were held April 27th, 1994. It was the first election in South Africa where all races were allowed to vote. The ANC won 62.65% of the vote, making Nelson Mandela the first black president of South Africa. Despite fear of political violence, the day was celebratory and promising.

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Emilia Nowaczewski
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Created with images by flowcomm - "South African flag, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, South Africa"

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