The Formation of the Himalayas By John Toronto

About 50 million years ago the Himalayas were formed when the Indian plate slid underneath the Eurasian plate, creating some of the tallest structures in the world. After pangea; the world's last supercontinent started to break up. When this happened the Indian plate collided with the Eurasian plate. During a long period of time the land mass started to build up, and has created the fascinating mountains we know today. The earth, its people, and the world have been affected in many ways since the formation of the Himalayas.
How was the world changed? To begin with, when pangea started to break apart sediment and other rock was built up to the surface, after the Eurasian plate collided with the Indian plate. When the two plates collided with each other the Indian plate slid underneath the Eurasian plate. This built up lots of land mass and made the land rise up. Because of this happening, the Himalayas were formed. Also, interestingly scientists believe and expect this same event will happen in Africa. The African plate is going to collide with the Eurasian plate to create another enormous mountain range.; the world's last supercontinent started to break up. When this happened the Indian plate collided with the Eurasian plate. During a long period of time the land mass started to build up, and has created the fascinating mountains we know today. The earth, its people, and the world have been affected in many ways since the formation of the Himalayas.

Fast Fact

The Himalayas stretch over 1,500 miles

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How was the world changed? To begin with, when Pangea started to break apart sediment and other rock was built up to the surface, after the Eurasian plate collided with the Indian plate. When the two plates collided with each other the Indian plate slid underneath the Eurasian plate. This built up lots of land mass and made the land rise up. Because of this happening, the Himalayas were formed. Also, interestingly scientists believe and expect this same event will happen in Africa. The African plate is going to collide with the Eurasian plate to create another enormous mountain range.
This is what the Himalayas look like from different seasons and angles
How was the earth affected? First off, the Himalayas affected the Earth with great monsoons. To add on, scientists also believe that the Himalayas caused some of the ice ages. In addition, the monsoons create dry trends in the winter and summer for Central Asia. Because of the Himalayas great length and height it has blocked out rain which has helped create the Gobi and Mongolian deserts. When the Indian plate slid underneath the Eurasian plate it surfaced new materials and put old materials underneath the crust and into the mantle. All of this is part of the continuous Rock Cycle.

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How does this affect the people on the earth? More than 1.4 billion people depend on the water sources that the Himalayas produce. Water from the snows of the Himalayas and monsoons which the mountains create, make an abundant supply of water for the heavily populated area around the Himalayas. When mountains form they create crevices that then form into rivers producing a supply of food and water. Climbing the Himalayas is not healthy and is very dangerous. So many people around the world come to climb the enormous mountains. For fame, money, and glory. The largest of them all is named everest. This mountain towers over 29,029 feet and has claimed around 280 lives in the many decades humans have been climbing the gigantic mountain.
The Himalayan Mountain Range stands today as the tallest structures in the world, and it all started when the Indian plate slid underneath the Eurasian plate over 50 million years ago. During this time, the earth, the world, and its people have been changed and affected in many ways.
Glossary Pangea: the last supercontinent that existed during the late Paleozoic and early Mesozoic eras. It assembled from earlier continental units approximately 300 million years ago, and it began to break apart about 175 million years ago. Sediment: matter that falls and settles to the bottom of a liquid; usually rivers Ice ages: the Ice Ages began 2.4 million years ago and ended 11,500 years ago. During this time, the earth's climate repeatedly changed between very cold periods, during which glaciers covered large parts of the world and very warm periods during which many of the glaciers melted. Monsoon: a seasonal prevailing wind in the region of South and Southeast Asia
Cites www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/12/himalayas-formed/ http://www.pitara.com/science-for-kids/planet-earth-for-kids/himalayas-have%20a-deep-impact-on-the-climate-of-the-world/ www.worldview.com http://beyondpenguins.ehe.osu.edu/ www.onegeology.org https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#safe=strict&q=what+is+a+monsoon https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=what%20were%20the%20ice%20ages https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=what%20is%20sediment%27 https://www.google.com/webhp?sourceid=chrome-instant&ion=1&espv=2&ie=UTF-8#q=what%20was%20pangea
Thank you for watching this presentation of the formation of the Himalayas and a Merry Christmas to you all!

Credits:

Created with images by gillpoh - "trekking everest everest base camp" • mckaysavage - "Nepal - Sagamartha Trek - 231 - Ama Dablam from Chukkhung" • Friar's Balsam - "20110426_Himalayas_from_Leh_003" • Pexels - "forest landscape mountain range" • keijj44 - "mountain peak mountain range" • r h - "Mountain range" • Pexels - "landscape mountain range mountains" • Simon - "mount everest himalayas nuptse" • lanur - "himalayas nepal stone" • Jeevan - "pangong tso lake high grassland lake" • Jram23 - "Himalayas" • TranceChaos - "Himalayas" • hbieser - "himalayas fly mountains" • Friar's Balsam - "20110426_Himalayas_from_Leh_010" • rohanmoitra - "himalayas + mist + cloud" • hbieser - "himalayas fly mountains" • hbieser - "himalayas fly mountains" • Freetibetxxx - "IMG_0167" • baluda - "ama dablam the himalayas mountain" • Devanath - "temple rishikesh india" • bsayanthan - "Himalayas" • wonker - "Himalayas" • Alexas_Fotos - "smilies yellow funny"

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