Reform Movements Bailey wiLson&london williams period 5

One of the movements were the Second Great Awakening. It was a revival of religious feeling and belief in the 1820's and 1830's. Another movement was called Transcandentalists. This was the belief in goodness of man. Henry David was the leader of them. He refused to obey laws which was called disobedience. Nathaniel Hawthorne was a writer for the Scarlett Letter. Lastly Walt Whitman was a poet who wrote the poem Leaves of Grass.
In the mid 1800's, a growing number of Americans, both black and white, began speaking out against slavery. Many felt the U.S can fulfill the promise "liberty and equality for all" by ending slavery. Frederick Douglass was a former slave that escaped and became the leader of the abolitionist movement. Sojourner Truth was a former slave and inspired Frederick to speak out. Harriet Tubman helped tons of slaves escape in the Underground Railroad.
Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Stanton attended the world Antislavery convention in London in 1840. They couldn't talk about slavery because they were women. Women also tried to fight women's suffrage which stopped women from voting. The Seneca Falls convention demanded equality for women at work, school, church, and voting booth. There were many great people that can be named for the women's rights convention for instance Susan B. Anthony and Lucy Stone along with Abolitionists like Douglas, Truth, and the Grimke sisters were a huge impact on women's rights.

Video for women's rights and their accomplishments.

Dorothea Dix taught Sunday school at a jail. She wasn't very happy with the conditions of the jail which includes: Imate bound in chains and locked in cages. Children were jailed with adults, cohort in food supply, and inmates were crowded in dark, damp prison cells. Exploring more she filed a report to state legislator highlighting the horrible conditions. This is why we have juvenile detention centers. We lei have mental hospitals because those who were mentally ill were put in jail too.
Temperance movement was a campaign against the selling of alcohol. Maine banned the sale of alcohol and so did other states. This was caused by alcohol abuse spread among men, women, and children. This helped society extremely because there would be less cases of alcohol abuse and physical abuse. The banning of alcohol may have unsettled many people but the most important thing is that people are safe and have a healthy enviourment which alcohol can turn a healthy enviourment into a tragic enviourment.
Horace Mann received the nickname "father of American public schools". He gained the nickname because he spoke the importance of public schools. He also saw education as solving a problem in society. Public schools were spreading around and very few girls were able to go to school. Public education is a very important thing that every girl or boy deserves yet some girls didn't get the opportunity a bigger amount of children are able to accomplish as what years ago was thought as impossible. Public education is the reason why their are more job opportunities then there were before public education.

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