Schizophrenia GABBY RILEY

Definition

Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves; the major parts of the brain that are affected is the prefrontal cortex and the basal ganglia.

Symptoms

  1. Positive
  2. Negative
  3. Cognitive

Positive symptoms

Psychotic behaviors not seen in healthy people.

  1. Hallucinations
  2. Delusions
  3. Thought disorders
  4. Movement disorders

Negative Symptoms

Associated with disruptions to normal emotions and behaviors

  1. Reduced expression of emotions
  2. Reduced feelings of pleasure in life
  3. Difficulty beginning and sustaining activities throughout life
  4. Less speaking

Cognitive Symptoms

Changes in memory or other ways of thinking

  1. Trouble focusing
  2. Problems with memory
  3. Poor "executive functioning"

Risk Factors

  • Scientists know that Schizophrenia runs in the family, though some subjects have developed the disorder and have no family member to have the disorder as well.
  • Some scientists believe that there are also environmental factors that cause a subject to have the disorder. Such as: exposure to viruses, malnutrition at birth, problems during birth and psycho-social factors.

Treatments

  1. Antipsychotics (Medication)
  2. Psychosocial Treatments (learn and use coping skills)
  3. Coordinated specialty care (All combined with family involvement, supported education and employment services)

Sources

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/index.shtml#part_145429

Credits:

Created with images by MarkC333 - "Schizophrenia" • annszyp - "Symptoms" • geralt - "chains caught psyche" • stevepb - "thermometer headache pain"

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