Influenza Luke Mooring

What is influenza? Influenza is an illness that affects things in the respitory system such as your nose, throat, and lungs. It's normally mild and causes small illness, but in the worst cases can lead to death. Children and elders are most susceptible to this illness because of their weak immune systems.

  • Symptoms: signs and symptoms of the flu are similar to the cold and are as followed:
  • Fever/ feverish chills
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Body aches
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Some children also experience vomiting and diarrhea, but it's not very common in adults.

Diagnosis: It is difficult to distinguish influenza from other bacterial illnesses such as the cold, because they share very similar symptoms. A number of flu tests are available though, and can attempt to locate the influenza virus. The most common flu test is a "rapid influenza diagnostic test," which can determine influenza in a patient within 30 minutes. These tests are very useful, but they vary in accuracy/sensitivity.

Treatment: Influenza is easily treated with prescription medications called "antiviral drugs." These drugs are not over-the-counter, and you must be prescribed by a doctor for them. If you think you have the flu, antiviral medications is your best bet. Getting the flu vaccine is a great help to prevent you from getting seasonal flu.

Prognosis: The flu has symptoms much more severe than the common cold, but most people recover within 1-2 weeks. The main danger with the flu is the chance of developing other life-threatening things like pneumonia.

  • Statistics:
  • There are nearly 4,600 deaths per year in the U.S. that start from influenza.
  • 49% of children ages 1-17 years old have gotten the flu vaccine within the last 12 months.
  • Around 3 million people in the U.S. get influenza every year.

Citation: "Key Facts About Influenza (Flu)." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 25 Aug. 2016. Web. 04 May 2017.

"Influenza." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 06 Oct. 2016. Web. 04 May 2017.

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