How do Planet's get their Colors? By ella

Imagine you are looking through a telescope and you see a planet. Sure that is boring, but look closer. You see the beautiful, stunning color of the planet, making you gaze at it for many minutes. Then you look at another. You find blue, red and the yellow! The colors stunning, making your eye cling on to the telescope. Later on you ask yourself, “How did that planet get it’s color anyway?” Today modern science can solve many mysteries about our world, and we have already unlocked one of the coolest ones, how our planets get their spectacular colors.

The Planet’s Colors

The planet’s actual colors are simple. Mercury is gray; Venus is a pale yellow; Jupiter is yellow with white bands; Mars is a reddish brown; Saturn is a pale gold; and Uranus and Neptune are both a pale blue. This means that some planets can get the same color, with the same substance or not. It is interesting to know these facts, but knowing how they get these stunning colors is a whole different story.

How the planets get their color

Planets can get their real color form rocks, clouds, and even gas. In this article, (Cool Cosmos ask an Astronomer) Cosmos states, “Planets get their amazing color from what they are made of, or what is around their atmospheres.” That tells us that things that are around their atmospheres can also cause their color. Atmospheres are what is surrounding the planet. Mars gets it’s color from the rusty rocks and dust that are on its surface. ( Planet’s surface material).

Uranus and Neptune get their color from the methane gas. Methane is a colorless, odorless gas. Because those two planets both have the same color, the gas must be in both of their areas. Mercury gets the plain color gray from the rocks and dust that are on its surfaces. Jupiter and Saturn both get their color from the ammonia clouds, a colorless gas with a bad smell, that hang around their atmospheres, and those clouds cause planets to have the colors white or pale yellow. This shows that there are many gases in space, for instance methane and ammonia.

This is Neptune

Venus’s clouds are not ammonia, but they also give the planet it’s yellowish color, meaning that there are many other different clouds that give the same colors. For example, if another planet had a bunch of clouds surrounding it, and the planet was yellow, that would suggest that the clouds might have the same materials that the ammonia clouds do. According to Curios Astro, “The assignment of colors is somewhat subjective.” That tells us that some people might see the planet's colors differently. Even though that is true, we can still get the general idea of what the planet’s colors are.

This is Saturn

All those materials mentioned (gases, clouds, rocks, and dust) Make a huge impact on our planets. This is important because if they were not there, our planets would not be colored, they would all be a standard color. All those substances make colors, visible, to the human eye.


Fun Facts!

  • Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun.
  • Jupiter is the largest planet.
  • Venus is the hottest planet.
  • It takes Mercury 88 days to orbit the sun, but Neptune 164 years!

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