Facing Reality Bailey Cenatiempo

The Great Depression greatly impacted America in many aspects of life. The Great Depression was a time of worry and despair in America. The start of that disaster was when the stock market crashed. The second that happened, millions went into shock and millions were left hopeless. There was no stopping it now.

Roaring Twenties

During the economic boom of the 1920s many people did not have a lot of worries with money. They could buy anything they want including cars. In the 1920s, the majority of the population owned cars. This is the opposite in the 30's. In the 1930's many sold their cars for money they could use for most important things.

Many Americans Were Left Without Jobs

Millions of American lost their jobs and suffered from it. Like this, people had to beg for jobs to support their family.

Homeless and Suffering

Soup lines were created as a result to the Depression. Millions had no money for food so they had to wait in lines to be provided food for them and their families.

Crisis For Farmers

Farmers were forced out of their homes because they could not afford to live their anymore. After World War 1, farmers lost a lot of their customers and prices dropped. This led to many farmers losing money and asked to move out of their homes.

Women in the 30's

Women's job in the 30's was mainly to take care of the children. The money was typically the husband's job. Women usually stayed home and cared for the children unlike in the Twenties when women sometimes worked.

Left and right people lost jobs, forced to move, and millions were left homeless. In the Twenties people easily went to movies and bought whatever they pleased. The stock market boomed and the growth of industry was at its highest. However, in the 1930’s that all came to end. Unemployment rates were at its peak and many businesses failed and closed. Because of this, people were forced to leave their homes and live somewhere they can afford. That was the start of little neighborhoods called Hoovervilles. The president at the time, Herbert Hoover, was seen as unhelpful and many disapproved of him. Citizens thought Hoover was not doing his role in government. They thought he needed to be more involved and help them get out of the Depression. The run down shacks or Hoovervilles had no plumbing and horrible conditions. Unfortunately, many Americans were living in them at the time. A decade before this occurring, farmers were going through a crisis themselves. After World War 1, the demand for crops suddenly stopped and created surplus. This led to farmers prices dropping and they lost a lot of money. So many farmers lost money and became homeless. Before they knew it, millions of farmers had foreclosure on their homes. Farmers were not the only people suffering at the time though. For women, working and making money was typically the husband’s job. Because of this stereotype, divorced or widowed women extremely suffered. Also because of this, women were usually the ones to get laid off or not hired because they would rather men for the job. World War Two was the ending of the Depression. It helped pull Americans out all the despair in their lives.

Women Working in the Twenties

In the 1920s women typically worked inside the home. They cleaned and took care of the kids. The husband was the one to usually make the money and go to work. Women had less rights than men in the Twenties.

Living in a Shack

Many homeless people across America lived in small shacks called Hoovervilles. Hoovervilles had bad living conditions including: no plumbing, unsafe construction, and crammed.

Black Blizzards

Dust storms in the Great Plains devastates farmers. Dust Storms destroy farms and houses and kills many people and animals. This lead to people forced to leave their homes.

Little Oklahoma's

The Dust Storms forced many farmers and their families to leave their homes. Many had to move into small towns called Little Oklahoma's or Okies. These towns were run down and had terrible conditions. Most people lived in tents.

In the Roaring Twenties people partied and were more carefree. At night they would go into the city and do whatever they pleased. Farmers at this time, were struggling with surplus and were not having as much fun as city goers. A decade after this, the Dust Bowl was occurring. Dust storms or “Black Blizzards” were hitting the Great Plains. This led to many American deaths. These storms destroyed millions of homes and farms and put farmers in an economic crisis. Farmers were forced to leave their homes in the Plains and migrate somewhere else. The most common place was California. So many hopeless farmers were forced to leave that when they reached the other states, they formed new little towns like Hoovervilles. They were called Little Oklahoma’s, but often referred to as Okies. Life in the 30’s was a little different for women, but it was still rough. At least, only for some. The small percentage of wealthy citizens had it easy. The Depression did not do much to their lives. Unlike the Twenties, women went back to working inside cleaning and taking care of the children instead of getting a job. Women usually did not have jobs. They worked inside the house, cleaned, and took care of the children.

Herbert Hoover

The president at the time, Herbert Hoover, found that he could not solve the problems the country was having at the moment. Citizens felt that he was failing them and was not trying to help them at all. Ever since that period of time, Hoover has had a bad reputation from making people unhappy.

Bonus Army Protests

During the Depression, Veterans would not be payed until later years. Veterans wanted to be payed earlier so they created the Bonus Army to protest and fight for what they wanted.

The Fireside Chats

Roosevelt decided to have a radio talk called Fireside Chats. The purpose was to talk comfortably to the citizens to make them feel comforted and hopeful for the future in the Depression.

The Help for Farmers

Government passed bills like the Agricultural Adjustment Act and the Civilian Conservation Corp to help and protect farmers while they are going through these rough times. During this time many farmers are losing money and can't support their family.

In the Twenties, there was three Republican Presidents and they all wanted Laissez Faire Policy. They wanted business to be separate and be able to grow and prosper. In an economic crisis like this, not getting hired for your gender or skin color is what the thirties was all about. African Americans truly suffered from inequality. Roosevelt was inconsistent with the Civil Rights Movement and blacks were not treated equally. There was not many things being done to help them. There was even things to prevent them from doing things. For example: Jim Crow Laws and segregation restricted blacks from doing all the things they wanted. Also, the farmers were suffering from the Dust Bowl. Luckily, there was bills passed to help these rough times for farmers. For example: the Agricultural Adjustment Act and the Civilian Conservation Corp. This did help farms a little but not completely. FDR’s New Deal played a major role in getting America out of the Depression.

Harlem Rennaissance

The Renaissance was an explosive industry that consisted of African American arts. It was the time period where blacks excelled in music, art, writing, etc.

Speakeasies and Clubs

Many Americans attended clubs and bars to hang out with friends and family in the 1920's. Life was easier and more relaxed. More people could afford to go to one unlike in the 30's.

Rebellion and Flappers

Women in the 1920's started to get more into the modern age and went against tradition. Flappers were the type of girls who partied, danced, and always had fun.

Radio Listeners

In the 1930's people listening to the radio started to become a very big thing. Friends and family would gather and all listen together. To get away from their troubles and life in the Depression people would listen to the radio.

At times like these African Americans would turn to music in difficult times. Even though the Harlem Renaissance ended, African Americans found music to be a symbol for American freedom. Women would also find joy in things like these. To get out of your head and away from their troubles, people would go to a play or movie in there spare time. Obviously it was more difficult to afford during this economic crisis in American history, but people still pulled it off.

The Great Depression was a time of loss, despair, and rough times, but it also prepared America incase a tragedy like this was to happen again.

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