Rhonde Island Founded in 1790

Roger Williams was a famous as the leader, and founder of the Rhode Island Colony as a colony for religious dissidents. Roger Williams believed in religious freedom, and the separation of church, and state. Puritans such as John Winthrop believed in a government, and society tied to the church.

The religion was that there was no religious freedom in the areas inhabited by the Puritans as they did not tolerate any other form of religion. Refer to Religion in the colonies.

Flat rolling hills, and lowlands. The basic geography of New England consisted of mountains thick with trees, rivers, and poor rocky soil that was difficult to farm, and unsuitable for crops. It was mild, and short summers leading to long, cold winters but less disease than in the winter than in the warmer colonies.

In towns along the coast, the colonists made there living fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding. Whale oil was a valuable resource as it could be used in lamps. Farming was difficult for crops like wheat, because of the poor soil, but corn, pumpkins, rye, squash, and beans were planted.

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