Key Terms and People the cold war and civil rights years

by Tyler Semens

Jonas Salk

Advances in Medicine

In 1953 Jonas Salk developed the first vaccine for polio, a disease that attacks the central nervous system and can cause paralysis or death.

Sputnik

Space Race

In 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first man-made satellite into space. This started a "space race" between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Korean War

Korea was divided into two zones after World War II. In 1950, North Korean forces invaded South Korea to gain Communist rule. United States sent troops to help South Korea and an agreement ended the war in 1953.

Rosa Parks

The Fight for Equality

In 1955 Rosa Parks, an African American, refused to give her bus seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama. This started boycott of the public buses that lasted 13 months.

Martin Luther King Jr.

In the 1950's Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Became the leader of the Civil Rights Movement. He believed non-violence. King thought that "everyone has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws."

Civil Rights Acts

Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, or ethnic originator for business engaged in interstate commerce.

Billy Graham

Billy Graham, a Christian preacher and spiritual adviser to several U.S. Presidents became an outspoken opponent of segregation.

Iron Curtain

The Iron Curtain was the name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.

Marshall Plan

After World War II Secretary of State, George C. Marshall, proposed that massive aid be given to the countries of war-torn Europe to rebuild their economies. It speeded the economic recovery of Western Europe and created good will towards the United States.

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