Group Work: Vulnerability and Risk Assessment
Country groups were invited to (1) Take stock of current situation in their systems of interest, and (2) Deal with the future. Country groups listed climatic changes already experienced, such as changing precipitation patterns, temperature extremes, etc., considered how the systems are sensitive to climate variability, assessed the vulnerability based on sensitivity and coping and adaptive capacity, defined the risk and rated the need for action.
Focus on Terai Irrigation Systems of Nepal. As an example, the session reviewed the targets and indicators for Nepal SDGs 2014-2013. A target by 2030 is to double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous groups, pastorialists, and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land.
The session demonstrated key benefits of vulnerability and risk assessment, namely to:
- Provide a basis for integrating adaptation into development efforts
- Recognise climate risks and the need for adaptation within relevant policies, programmes and projects
- Help to identify what or who is most vulnerable, where they are located, what risks they face and the need for action
- Improve understanding of specific risks and vulnerabilities in different localities,
- Provide the opportunity for awareness raising and capacity building
- Provide evidence of the linkages between climate and development
- Serve as a baseline analysis to monitor how risks may be influenced by a changing climate over time
Bryan Hopkins, UNITAR, presented an exercise on stakeholder engagement. Groups identified a typical adaptation project to analyse and completed a stakeholder identification table on a flipchart sheet. They draw a stakeholder influence-importance map, and placed stakeholders in the appropriate quadrant. Finally, each group drew a stakeholder influence diagram.
'The rapid pace of development in Asia presents a number of challenges and opportunities for the agriculture sectors from the nexus perspective. Resolving nexus issues requires intersectoral collaboration to assess options and prioritise actions to address trade-offs and realise synergies.' Beau Damen, FAO
'One of the main challenges the agricultural sector in Asia-Pacific is facing is to increase productivity in order to keep pace with the demands of growing populations. Agriculture is using more and more resources. The share of water available to agriculture to produce the food we eat is expected to decline by 40% by 2050.' Beau Damen, FAO