WOODPECKERS BY: CHELSEA CUMINGS

INTRODUCTION- woodpeckers are birds that are known for their tapping at tree trunks. They can tap at a trunk at least 100 times a minute. There are over 180 species of Woodpeckers known. Their population is unknown due to them flying around constantly.

CLASSIFICATION- family of picidae.

WOODPECKER DEFIES EVOLUTION-

HISTORY- For 60 years no one has seen North America's largest woodpecker hasn't been sighted. The largest wood pecker in North America is the ivory-billed woodpecker. People thought this due to the birds hiding in dead trees and no had thought to look in these trees. They also noticed that people tend to cut down dead trees because they become "a hazard", so they have to migrate to find new homes. Three quarters of the forests in the Southeast of the United States has been cut down within the past 120 years.

HISTORY CONT.- A lot of people don't realize that the Red-headed Woodpecker was used as a symbol of the Cherokee Indians. It was a war symbol to them. They looked at their beaks in a very unique way. The beaks of these animals are very narrow and strong. To them it represented to take the narrow route with the most profound effect.

An example of the symbol.

CHARACTERISTICS- The largest woodpecker is 22 inches while the smallest one is 3 inches. These animals are small but have very powerful heads and beaks. Their beaks are structured to act as a chisel to get its food from the tree trunks. Their tongues are usually 4 inches long. They use their tongues to extract their food and to consume smaller insects. There a various kinds of species of the Woodpecker. Their breed will determine what their feather pattern will be.

Red-Billed Woodpecker

red-billed feathers

IVORY-BILLED

IVORY-BILLED FEATHERS

BLACK-HEADED

BLACK-HEADED FEATHERS

HOUSING-THESE BIRDS LIVE IN VARIOUS HABITATS. FARMLANDS, WOODLANDS, FORESTS, AND SOMETIMES IN PEOPLE'S BACKYARD. NOT MANY PEOPLE HOUSE WOODPECKERS IN THEIR HOME, BUT IF THEY DID THEN THEY WOULD NEED A BIRD CAGE OR BIRD HOUSE.

FEEDING- WOODPECKERS TYPICALLY WILL FEED OFF OF INSECTS THEY FIND IN TREE TRUNKS. IF YOU HANDLE THEM AS AN INDIVIDUAL THEY CAN FED THE APPROPRIATE BIRD FEED, OR THEY CAN EAT THINGS SUCH AS ACORNS,FRUIT, SAP, BERRIES,AND PINE SEEDS.

DISEASES-

HOUSE FINCH EYE DISEASE- HAVE RED, RUNNY, SWOLLEN, CRUSTY EYES. IN SEVERE CASES THE BIRDS CAN BECOME BLIND.

HOUSE FINCH EYE DISEASE

AVIAN POX- THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF THIS DISEASE. HE FIRST TYPE IS THE MOT COMMON. ITS WHEN WARTS APPEAR ON THE FEATHERLESS PARTS OF THE BIRD. THE OTHER PART OF THIS DISEASE FORMS IN AN INTERNAL BACTERIAL FORM. THEY FORM IN PLACES SUCH AS THE MOUTH, TRACHEA, AND LUNGS.

REPRODUCTION...

WHEN WOODPECKERS LAY THEIR EGGS, THEY TYPICALLY LAY THEM IN THEIR NEST AT THE HIGHEST POINT IN A TREE TO PROTECT THEMSELVES AND THE EGGS.WHEN THE WOODPECKER IS FIRST BORN THEY ARE BLIND AND HAVE NO FEATHERS.AFTER THE BABY IS BORN, ONE PARENT WILL GO FIND FOOD WHILE THE OTHER WATCHES OVER THE BABIES.

THANK YOU!!!!

Created By
CHELSEA CUMINGS
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by robmadeo - "Woodpecker"

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