Type 2 diabetics have an insulin resistance. An increase in weight causes the cells to not take up insulin correctly and therefore, the blood sugar levels rise and cannot fall back to normal after a sugary meal. The hormone insulin allows glucose or the sugar for your body to enter into the cell so that you have a plentiful amount of energy. But without insulin, your cells cannot obtain this energy.
Just because you have diabetes doesn't mean that you can't eat the foods you love. You just must watch how much and of what you consume.
- For carbohydrates, you should be consuming about 120-300 grams per day. And for the carbohydrates, you want to eat the carbohydrates with complex sugars over simple sugars that have a higher fiber content rather than sugar content.
In reference to proteins and fats, your diet should be balanced.
Because, in Type 2 Diabetes, Insulin does not allow for the entrance of glucose into the cell, there is a very high sugar concentration in the blood. These levels must be monitored from being too low or too high.
Before a meal, it should be between 80 and 130 mg/dL. After about 1 to 2 hours after a meal, it should be under 180 mg/dL. These reading can be taken by a glucose meter in which you will prick your finger and insert your blood into a reader.
A hemoglobin A1c test can show you how well your plan has been going over a long period of time by measuring the amount of hemoglobin A1c in the blood. A small sample of blood will tell you what your average blood sugar was over the pat 2 to 3 months. It should be below 7 percent.
WebMD. (2016). Diabetes Disaster. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/video/diabetes-type2-disaster
HealthCentral. (2016). Diabetes. Retrieved from http://www.healthcentral.com/diabetes/?ic=2300
American Diabetes Association. (2016). Type 2. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-2/?loc=db-slabnav