Muslims do not go to church or temples, they go to a place called a mosque. It is their version of church. The mosque is a place to gather for prayers, to study and to celebrate festivals. It can also be used to homes, schools and community centers. The Arabic word for mosque, “masjid”, and the definition for this is “place of prostration”. Another thing about the mosque, is they do not have an official priest. They have what is called "imam khatib" The imam leads the prayers and the khatib is the preacher of the sermons
There are 2 sects in the Islam religion. They are called the Sunnis and the Shiites. They think the same on many things but there are a couple drastic differences that you need to know. Let's start with the Sunnis. The Sunnis believe that anyone can be the new leader after Muhammad died. They also emphasize the God's power in in the material world, sometimes including the public and political realm. On the other hand, the Shiites believe that only Muhammad's descendants can become the new leader. They also only believe in honoring the God by martyrdom (the death or suffering of a martyr) or sacrifice. The only other big difference between these two sects is the sizes of them. There are about 1.5 billion Muslims and more than 85% of them are Sunni, obviously this means that less than 15% are Shiite. This does not mean that Sunni's are good and Shiite's are bad, it just means that they have different beliefs and ways of honoring their God or Allah.
Ramadan: Is the 9 month fasting period from sun up to sundown. Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. The fasting makes them feel close to Allah, just like them praying 5 times a day. The time period reflex mentally and physically on one’s prayers. Most people spend most of their time mosque to pray and be one with Allah.
Islamic Calendar: The Islamic calendar is the lunar calendar. It is based on the moon’s movement. It shifts due to the Christian calendar and tropical years.
Islamic New Year: The Islamic New Year celebrates Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina. It is the first month of the new year for the Islamic calendar, this year it will fall on September 21st and end on September 22. It is the second most important month after Ramadan. Another word for new year is “Muharram” and some people fast during these days and others observe this holiday as the time that Hussein ibn Ali sacrificed himself in the battle of Karbala. He was the grandson of Muhammad and the son of Ali. So they will come together and pray and remember him.