A little about the Islam religion... Joleene allison & Paige Panush

According to Islam.about.com , the moon and star symbols are associated with the moon to time festivals.

Muhammad is known as the founder for the Islamic religion. Muslims will often refer to him as the "Holy Prophet". Muslims believe that Muhammad is the last prophet sent from God to mankind.

Statue of Mhammad

The Islam religion was founded near Mecca, which is in the Arabian Peninsula. The modern-day Arabian Peninsula consists of many countries. These countries are, Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Iraq and Jordan It is also surrounded by 4 bodies of water. These bodies of water are Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman, Gulf of Aden, Red sea, Arabian sea

Did you know that there are 2 other religions that are similar to Islam? Judaism and Christianity. All 3 of these are called the Abraham religions. This is because they are all monotheistic religions, which means they all believe in one God. FUN FACT: Judaism was the first religion and branching off of that was Christianity, later off of that branched Islam. The reasons for the branching off of each other are: the core beliefs are the same but opinions changed over time which caused some disagreements and so that caused some groups of people to create their own beliefs and eventually a new religion was created.

The holy book for people of the Islamic faith is called the Quran. "It lays down for them the law and commandments, codes for their social and moral behavior, and contains a comprehensive religious philosophy. The language of the Quran is Arabic." (https://www.alislam.org/quran/about-quran.php)

Muslims do not go to church or temples, they go to a place called a mosque. It is their version of church. The mosque is a place to gather for prayers, to study and to celebrate festivals. It can also be used to homes, schools and community centers. The Arabic word for mosque, “masjid”, and the definition for this is “place of prostration”. Another thing about the mosque, is they do not have an official priest. They have what is called "imam khatib" The imam leads the prayers and the khatib is the preacher of the sermons

There are 2 sects in the Islam religion. They are called the Sunnis and the Shiites. They think the same on many things but there are a couple drastic differences that you need to know. Let's start with the Sunnis. The Sunnis believe that anyone can be the new leader after Muhammad died. They also emphasize the God's power in in the material world, sometimes including the public and political realm. On the other hand, the Shiites believe that only Muhammad's descendants can become the new leader. They also only believe in honoring the God by martyrdom (the death or suffering of a martyr) or sacrifice. The only other big difference between these two sects is the sizes of them. There are about 1.5 billion Muslims and more than 85% of them are Sunni, obviously this means that less than 15% are Shiite. This does not mean that Sunni's are good and Shiite's are bad, it just means that they have different beliefs and ways of honoring their God or Allah.

Holidays

Ramadan: Is the 9 month fasting period from sun up to sundown. Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. The fasting makes them feel close to Allah, just like them praying 5 times a day. The time period reflex mentally and physically on one’s prayers. Most people spend most of their time mosque to pray and be one with Allah.

Islamic Calendar: The Islamic calendar is the lunar calendar. It is based on the moon’s movement. It shifts due to the Christian calendar and tropical years.

Islamic New Year: The Islamic New Year celebrates Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Medina. It is the first month of the new year for the Islamic calendar, this year it will fall on September 21st and end on September 22. It is the second most important month after Ramadan. Another word for new year is “Muharram” and some people fast during these days and others observe this holiday as the time that Hussein ibn Ali sacrificed himself in the battle of Karbala. He was the grandson of Muhammad and the son of Ali. So they will come together and pray and remember him.

Credits:

Created with images by aflaa - "Mosque" • zeevveez - "Crescent and six pointed Star" • LoggaWiggler - "khiva al khwarazmi universal scholar" • TusitaStudio - "hand united hands united" • chzaib - "kaaba house of allah muslim" • agoolapulapu - "agoo islam" • Elijah - "I *heart* Allah"

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