Summary- During this war against the Soviets and the Afghanistan, 10,000 soviet soldiers invaded Afghanistan to extend their relations with Asia and preserve communist government because theirs was collapsing due to lack of military support. It was a brutal battle that ended in many deaths. One million civilians were killed, 90,000 Mujahedin fighters, 18,000 Afghan troops and 14,000 soviet soldiers. The war was a failure and resulted in nobody benefiting from it. An economic factor of this war would be that the Russians provided military and humanitarian aid and Kremlin decided to cancel 90% of Afghanistan's debt. Russia invested their companies into Afghanistan
- United states helped Afghanistan rebels to try to overthrow the communist government and prevent the spread of communism.
- The soviet attempted to maintain a friendly socialist government on the boarder.
- When the soviet invaded the Afghan., they took control of major cities and highways. This caused rebellion to break out.
Causes and Influences- attempt fro the Soviet Union to strengthen control of Central Asia. Within the Muslim population growth came the development of a nationalist ideology, which did not include communism. Concerned that its satellite republics in central Asia would be jeopardized by internal revolution., the soviet union decided to send a message to the nationalist movement that had developed in Afghanistan. The Soviet expectation was that the victory would crush the Muslim independence movement and strengthen the Soviet's grip on Asia. One social aspect would be that they ha=d divided subcultures that differed from the region and nationality, encompassing a heterogeneous ethnicity. Cultural assimilation also had an effect on the Pashtun culture.
Important People and Locations- The Afghanistan's were called the Mujahedin which was the governments army for any war. The war was fought in Afghanistan as a political aspect of the war between the Soviet Union and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan and they were supported by many countries like China, USA, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia. Some of the leaders were, Babrak Kormal and Mohammad Najibullah. The Soviet's leaders were, Leonid Brezhrew, Yuri Andropor, and Konstatin Cherenko.
Local Regional and Global Effects- The war put an immediate stress on the faculty and the centralized economic system of the nation along with the radical social reforms set by the Mikhail Gorbachev. This led to the collapse of the nation. The ethnic split in the army was accentuated when non-Russian soldiers, particularly those from the Asian Regions, displayed ambivalence toward the fighting Afghan's, drug abuse was rising, and soldiers sold equipment to the mujaheddin to obtain drugs, food , and electronic goods.