Celebrating Canada: 150 Years of Greatness By: Owen Athauda

To begin...

The following 3 things that I have chosen which I believe are 3 of the most amazing things about Canada, came to mind for me because I realized how much I have benefited out of them without even realizing it. I now know that without these 3 things; Natural Resources, Diversity and Free Health Care, my life would not have been as easy as it is today, and I would have to face a series of problems revolving around my personal health, racism and unavailability to certain things because of lack of resources. This is why I chose these things, instead of a scenic place of attraction or a theme park. Because these things are necessities, and without them our lives would be much worse the way third world countries in Europe and Asia are experiencing things. For this reason, Natural Resources, Diversity and Free Health Care should be valued, and with the upcoming birthday of Canada, they should be celebrated as well.


Natural Resources

This image shows a land of natural resources located in Western Canada

Natural resources are not something typically valued by Canadians or sought as something to better like the country more for, but because of these resources which we are fortunate to have and the convenience of having them in our country, our lives are made easier on a daily basis. There are countries such as Switzerland and Belgium which do not have such resources, and rely on industrial trade to survive, which ultimately impacts those who inhabit the countries (BeforeItsNews).

Every province or territory is known for one or multiple natural resources which they are most rich in, and export across the country/world (Chapman). Here is a quick rundown on each province/territory and which resources they are most evidently rich in.

Above is a map of Canada, consisting of all provinces/territories along with their capital cities, and large lakes (http://www.map-of-canada.org/about.htm).

British Columbia: is coastal bound, with rivers such as the Peace and Columbia Rivers, which are large sources of hydroelectricity. It also has other rivers such as Fraser and Skeena which are are great sources of a variety of fish, such as salmon and trout. It also has a large amount of coniferous forests, which produce a large amount of our wood. Towards the east of the province, there are coal and natural gas resources (Chapman).

(From top left to bottom right) The Columbia River of B.C., salmon fish, coniferous forests and coal

Alberta contains the Western Sedimentary Basin and the Rocky Mountains, which holds great amounts of fossil fuels, these include coal, oil and gas. Towards the south of the province, high quality agriculture area is evident and there are many forested areas (Chapman).

(From left to right) The Rocky Mountains of Alberta along with land used primarily for agriculture

Saskatchewan is the most evident and relevant land in Canada for wheat growing, and also holds many other grains and crops. It also has productive wildlife habitat which depend on these crops. Saskatchewan contains good amounts of petroleum, coal and uranium. When it comes to potash, Saskatchewan is the worlds largest exporter and second largest producer (Chapman).

(From left to right) Wheat fields in Saskatchewan, an image of a fox representing wildlife and a Potash rock.

Manitoba has a significant amount of agricultural land but is rather known for it's vast amount of minerals; with nickel being the major mineral produced there, followed by copper, lead and zinc. The province has great potential for hydroelectric minerals with the Nelson & Churchill Rivers etc. Lake Winnipeg and Lake Manitoba also have great fish stock within them (Chapman).

(From top left to bottom right) Minerals nickel, copper, lead and zinc.

Ontario holds the largest market for resource based goods and services in Canada, being the most populated region out of all 13 provinces/territories (Statistics Canada). Ontario also has large renewable and non renewable resources, ranking third in the country after Saskatchewan and Alberta (Chapman).

A series of images showcasing renewable and non renewables energy sources.

Quebec falls behind in fossil fuels, but it has an incredibly large water supply. There are many bodies of water going from the Canadian Shield to the St. Lawrence Lowlands and James Bay, leaving us with a huge renewable energy source. A lot of these useless bodies of water hold potential for hydroelectric resources in the future (Chapman).

(From left to bottom right) A picture taken from the Canadian Shield, St. Lawrence Lowlands and James Bay.

The Atlantic Provinces, consisting of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island (PEI) and Newfoundland and Labrador. All of these provinces are categorized as one because for the most part, they consist of the same resources, which primarily revolve around water. Islands and Peninsulas make up a large part of the east, which have many species of fish and crustacean resources. Areas of forested land is found in New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador, along with hydroelectric resources in Labrador and the Bay of Fundy. For minerals, there is metal in New Brunswick, iron in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia has gypsum and salt. There are large coal deposits in the Cape Breton area of Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia also has great potential for gas in the future, as does Newfoundland for oil, both of these can result in great things for Canada and us as inhabitants in making our lives everyday easier (Chapman).

(From left to right) The Acadian Peninsula situated in New Brunswick is an example of a water based place which provides us with resources such as the crabs portrayed to the right of that picture.


This image shows hands from different ethnicities coming together as one

Canada is one of the most diverse countries in the world (StatCan), and I feel very privileged to live in a country where everyone including myself is accepted and treated the way you would treat someone of your own kind. This was evidently expressed by the Prime Minister of Canada himself, Justin Trudeau to make sure that immigrants in Canada are not afraid to express their religious and cultural values, beliefs and personal opinions on different topics.

"Diversity is Canada's strength" - Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada (Linguistic Characteristics of Canadians)

Demographics: 5.8 million people around Canada speak 2 or more languages in 2011, rising from 4.5 million people in 2006. The approximate number now in 2017 is expected to almost double that number with the welcoming of more immigrants/refugees. The languages spoken by these people make up over 200 languages spoken across the country. 20.6% of Canadians report to have a mother tongue other than English or French and out of that only 6.2% of Canadians spoke a language other than English or French as their sole home language (Linguistic Characteristics of Canadians). This statement goes to show how people inhabiting Canada have adapted to the average situations of other inhabitants, and speak one of the national Canadian languages in unity.

(From left to right) The word "hello" portrayed in a series of different languages from across the globe representing how all these different languages from different countries appear in Canada next to that a map of Canada coloured in with flags of different countries showing the fact that people from these different countries all come to Canada for residence.

Free Health Care

This image shows American bills and prescription pills, indicating that Americans have to pay for their health care where as we can get it for free in Canada

Canada's health care system provides health insurance plans that cover all Canadian citizens. It is funded publicly from income and consumption taxes and is provincially/territorially administrated following rules set by the federal government (Parliament of Canada, The Canada Health Act).

This image represents how Canada is aided to, for free.

Canadian Health Act of 1984

The Canadian Health Act of 1984 addressed 5 things in particular; Public Administration, Comprehensiveness, Universality, Portability and Accessibility to ensure Canadians had access to the most superlative, convenient health care system there can be (Parliament of Canada, The Canada Health Act). Here is a brief explanation on each of the terms:

1. Public Administration: the plans must be administrated and operated in a non profitable manner.

2. Comprehensiveness: the plans have to cover any health services provided by hospitals, medical practitioners or dentists.

3. Universality: anyone who is insured under a plan must be compatible universally with any insured health service.

4. Portability: those who are covered shall continue to be covered no matter where they are in Canada, even if it is not the province/territory of their current residence. Temporary absences can go up to 3 months, in which they shall be covered by their home province but if they do move permanently than the new province of their residence shall cover.

5. Accessibility: states that the insurance plan must provide for easy access to services that are insured by people that are insured.

(Parliament of Canada, The Canada Health Act)

The Canada Health Act was issued by Liberal leader and Prime Minister of Canada at the time, Pierre Trudeau (pictured above) in 1983 and officially set out in 1984.


To conclude these are the 3 things about Canada which I personally find to be the most amazing, as they are genuinely valuable and useful things, benefiting us on a daily basis with us barely giving them any recognition. They may not be the most physically attractive, or the ones that provide most leisure, but they are definitely some of the most valuable things Canada has to offer, and I hope this page gave you a little more insight into that. Thank you!

Created By
Owen Athauda


Created with images by alexindigo - "Canada" • alexindigo - "Canada" • mypubliclands - "BLM Winter Bucket List #15: Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area, Nevada, for a “Natural” Getaway with Stellar Rock Climbing" • MindfulChar - "lake mountain sky" • Paul Miller - "Salmon" • DagMary - "tree forest green" • Lateral Support - "coal" • Pexels - "forest lake landscape" • StateofIsrael - "Agriculture" • gripped - "harvest wheat field" • DenaliNPS - "Red Fox" • James St. John - "Polyhalite (Salado Formation, Upper Permian; Carlsbad Potash District, New Mexico, USA)" • James St. John - "Millerite vein (late Paleoproterozoic, 1.85 Ga; 4200 Level of the Strathcona Mine, Sudbury Mining District, Ontario, Canada) 2" • James St. John - "Native copper-replaced cross-bedded sedimentary rocks (Nonesuch Shale, Mesoproterozoic; White Pine Mine, Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA) 4" • James St. John - "Wulfenite (Sonora, Mexico) 2" • James St. John - "Sphalerite (Tennessee, USA) 1" • valli_mark - "solar panels" • ataribravo99 - "niagara falls waterfall" • robef - "Wind Turbines" • subarcticmike - "Grab Sample" • Rennett Stowe - "River Bank" • D-Stanley - "Jamestown Gut" • Sangre-La.com - "ia2117.JPG" • Adrega - "crab crab shells seafood" • maxlkt - "hands teamwork team-spirit" • Alex Guibord - "Liberal Leader Justin Trudeau" • Images_of_Money - "Healthcare Costs" • 416style - "trudeau" • Wokandapix - "thanks word letters"

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