Marilyn Monroe By: Yaritza diaz

Geography

Actress Marilyn Monroe was born as Norma Jeane Mortenson on June 1, 1926 in Los Angeles, California. During her all-too-brief life, Marilyn Monroe overcame a difficult childhood to become one of the world's biggest and most popular culture. During her career, Monroe's films grossed more than $200 million. Monroe died of a drug overdose on August 5, 1962, at only 36 years old.Marilyn Monroe was born as Norma Jeane Mortenson (later baptized as Norma Jeane Baker) on June 1, 1926, in Los Angeles, California. During her all-too-brief life, Marilyn Monroe overcame a difficult childhood to become one of the world's biggest and most enduring sex symbols. She never knew her father, and once thought Clark Gable to be her father—a story repeated often enough for a version of it to gain some currency. However, there's no evidence that Gable ever met or knew Monroe's mother, Gladys, who developed psychiatric problems and was eventually placed in a mental institution. As an adult, Monroe would maintain that one of her earliest memories was of her mother trying to smother her in her crib with a pillow. Monroe had a half-sister, to whom she was not close; they met only a half-dozen times.

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Growing up, Monroe spent much of her time in foster care and in an orphanage. In 1937, a family friend and her husband, Grace and Doc Goddard, took care of Monroe for a few years. The Goddards were paid $25 weekly by Monroe's mother to raise her. The couple was deeply religious and followed fundamentalist doctrines; among other prohibited activities, Monroe was not allowed to go to the movies. But when Doc's job was transferred in 1942 to the East Coast, the couple could not afford to bring Monroe with them.

At 7 years old, Monroe returned to a life in foster homes, where she was on several occasions sexually assaulted; she later said that she had been raped when she was 11 years old. But she had one way out—get married. She wed her boyfriend Jimmy Dougherty on June 19, 1942, at the age of 16. By that time, Monroe had dropped out of high school (age 15). A merchant marine, Dougherty was later sent to the South Pacific. Monroe went to work in a munitions factory in Van Nuys, California, where she was discovered by a photographer. By the time Dougherty returned in 1946, Monroe had a successful career as a model, and had changed her name to Marilyn Monroe in preparation for an acting career. She dreamt of becoming an actress like Jean Harlow and Lana Turner.

Facts:

As a child, Norma Jeane Baker (Marilyn Monroe) lived in an orphanage and had 11 sets of foster parents, after her mother Gladys was institutionalized.

As a child, Norma Jeane Baker (Marilyn Monroe) lived in an orphanage and had 11 sets of foster parents, after her mother Gladys was institutionalized.

Keystone / Getty Images

2. She almost chose the screen name of Jean Adair before settling on Marilyn Monroe.

She almost chose the screen name of Jean Adair before settling on Marilyn Monroe.

Baron / Getty Images

Also, she didn’t legally change her name to Marilyn Monroe until Feb. 23, 1956.

3. Her agent Johnny Hyde reportedly convinced her to have two plastic surgeries: reshaping the cartilage at the tip of her nose and a chin implant.

Her agent Johnny Hyde reportedly convinced her to have two plastic surgeries: reshaping the cartilage at the tip of her nose and a chin implant.

Baron / Getty Images

4. Although she was typecast as a dumb blonde (a persona she hated), she was actually extremely intelligent. She had an IQ of 168.

Although she was typecast as a dumb blonde (a persona she hated), she was actually extremely intelligent. She had an IQ of 168.

L. J. Willinger/Keystone Features / Getty Image

5. Although she famously sang “Diamonds Are a Girl’s Best Friend,” in reality Monroe wasn’t into expensive jewelry. All the jewelry she owned was costume, expect for a diamond ring and a strand of pearls given to her by her second husband, Joe DiMaggio.

Via belle-monroe.tumblr.com

6. She was one of the first women to own her own production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions. The company released only one movie though, The Prince and the Showgirl (1957).

She was one of the first women to own her own production company, Marilyn Monroe Productions. The company released only one movie though, The Prince and the Showgirl (1957).

Via genewilders.tumblr.com

7. She was an excellent cook!

She was an excellent cook!

Via chatterbusy.blogspot.com

Find out how to make Marilyn’s stuffing recipe over at The New York Times.

8. Monroe helped change the course of Ella Fitzgerald’s career by personally calling the owner of the popular Hollywood nightclub, Mocambo, and helping her get booked. Initially the club would not book Ella because she was black.

Monroe helped change the course of Ella Fitzgerald's career by personally calling the owner of the popular Hollywood nightclub, Mocambo, and helping her get booked. Initially the club would not book Ella because she was black.

Keystone / Getty Images

According to Ella:

“I owe Marilyn Monroe a real debt…it was because of her that I played the Mocambo, a very popular nightclub in the ’50s. She personally called the owner of the Mocambo, and told him she wanted me booked immediately, and if he would do it, she would take a front table every night. She told him — and it was true, due to Marilyn’s superstar status — that the press would go wild. The owner said yes, and Marilyn was there, front table, every night. The press went overboard. After that, I never had to play a small jazz club again. She was an unusual woman — a little ahead of her times. And she didn’t know it.”

9. Monroe converted to Judaism after marrying playwright Arthur Miller.

Monroe converted to Judaism after marrying playwright Arthur Miller.

Evening Standard / Getty Images

10. During her marriage to Miller, Monroe tried to have a child (she desperately wanted to become a mother); unfortunately she suffered both an ectopic pregnancy and a miscarriage.

During her marriage to Miller, Monroe tried to have a child (she desperately wanted to become a mother); unfortunately she suffered both an ectopic pregnancy and a miscarriage.

Bob Haswell/Express / Getty Images

11. Miller wrote Monroe’s role in The Misfits as a Valentine’s Day gift to her. Although she hated the role, many critics consider it the best performance of her career.

Miller wrote Monroe's role in The Misfits as a Valentine's Day gift to her. Although she hated the role, many critics consider it the best performance of her career.

Via doctormacro.com

12. After her breakup with Miller, Frank Sinatra gave Monroe a Maltese terrier to help her feel better. She named it Maf (short for Mafia Honey).

After her breakup with Miller, Frank Sinatra gave Monroe a Maltese terrier to help her feel better. She named it Maf (short for Mafia Honey).

13. Miller’s 1964 play After the Fall is a thinly veiled portrayal of his marriage to Monroe.

Miller’s 1964 play After the Fall is a thinly veiled portrayal of his marriage to Monroe.

14. The racy flesh-colored dress Monroe wore while singing the infamous “Happy Birthday Mr. President,” was covered with 2,500 rhinestones and was so tight that she had to be sewn into it.

In 1999, the dress sold at auction for a $1.26 million.

15. Despite wide acclaim for her acting abilities, she was never nominated for an Academy Award. However, she did win a Golden Globe for her role as Sugar Kane in Some Like It Hot.

Despite wide acclaim for her acting abilities, she was never nominated for an Academy Award. However, she did win a Golden Globe for her role as Sugar Kane in Some Like It Hot.

Keystone / Getty Images

16. Monroe made Joe DiMaggio promise to leave flowers on her grave every week if she died before him. He kept his promise and had half-dozen red roses delivered three times a week to her crypt for 20 years.

Monroe made Joe DiMaggio promise to leave flowers on her grave every week if she died before him. He kept his promise and had half-dozen red roses delivered three times a week to her crypt for 20 years.

Above: Joe DiMaggio at Marilyn’s funeral held at Westwood Memorial Park, Los Angeles.

17. She was buried in a pale apple green Pucci sheath dress.

The dress was a favorite and she was photographed in it during a press conference in Mexico City in February 1962.

18. At the height of her fame, Monroe wrote her autobiography My Story (with help from her friend screenwriter Ben Hecht). The book was not published until a decade after her death.

At the height of her fame, Monroe wrote her autobiography My Story (with help from her friend screenwriter Ben Hecht). The book was not published until a decade after her death.

Credits:

Created with images by Luiz Fernando Reis MMF - "Marilyn Show 136" • Luiz Fernando Reis MMF - "Marilyn Show 31" • Luiz Fernando Reis MMF - "Marilyn Show 34" • Hmamar - "young couple portrait posing" • WikiImages - "marilyn monroe celebrity woman" • vbernhard - "marilyn monroe wax figure actor" • Luiz Fernando Reis MMF - "Marilyn Show 131" • classic film scans - "Marilyn Monroe" • classic film scans - "Humphrey Bogart and Marilyn Monroe" • MF Urban Garden Party - "UGP" • BarbieFantasies - "What if Marilyn survived! Part 5" • Abee5 - "Marilyn Monroe" • Jennie Park Photography - "Marilyn Monroe" • Bonnie James - "Marilyn Monroe Statue"

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