Jim Crow Christian Gildea
Jim Crow Politics
In the politics of Jim Crow, black people didn't have as much rights as whites did. There were organizations to keep the blacks to not have as much rights when it came to politics. An example of one of these groups is the "The Grandfather Clause". The Grandfather Clause was a legal or constitutional establishment passed by seven Southern states while trying to deny that black Americans could vote. Concluding, seven states joined together to deny black Americans to vote. If you were black, in order to vote you had to of had a descendant to vote. Though it was hard for them to get one. Later on in 1915, the Supreme Court declared the Grandfather Clause unconstitutional. Another way blacks were treated unfairly was when they rigged the voting tests towards blacks. Both blacks and white could participate in this test, but, many of the the tests were rigged so that registers could give potential voters an easy or a difficult version, and could score them differently as well. Therefore, people were treated unfairly and got harder tests than others. Also, Southern States used this test to make the election fair, but, blacks were the majority of taking this test, which made it harder for blacks to vote. The Grandfather clause was onboard with this too. They became a written law that many American southern states in the beginning of reconstruction allowed potential white voters to obstacle literacy tests, poll taxes, and other tactics to deprive southern blacks. This also shows what other terrible things the Grandfather Clause did to blacks.
Jim Crow Economics
In the economics of Jim Crow, it was harder for blacks to get survival needs. Blacks were mostly bankrupted, couldn't afford land or housing, and many more problems. During Reconstruction, the conflict over labor resulted in the sharecropping system, in which black families would rent small plots of land in return for a portion of their crop, to be given to the landowner at the end of each year. The blacks were slaves and they spent their days cropping and farming. They couldn't afford some parts of land, therefore they gave some of their crops to the landowner to live in the land. Sometimes, sadly they were scammed, and never got the land, resulting that they gave away free crops. When this kept adding on and on, they were so poor that even their children had to pay off some of their depts. Later on, a hero came along. The Economic Bill of Rights was brought into this and helped the African Americans. It declared that "true individual freedom cannot come without economic security and independence. We need to realize that black people need more to secure their family and lives with health and equality." This created more job opportunities for blacks to succeed in which gave more money to support their families and needs. The Economic Bill of Rights helped many dig out of a very deep hole.
"The Economic Bill of Rights." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2017