Born on March 14, 1879, Albert Einstein was Born in Ulm, Germany. In 1895, at the age of 16, Einstein took the entrance examinations for the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zürich, Germany. He failed the requirements for the university, but had exceptional grades in Mathematics and Physics.
Albert in his younger years.
With advice from the principal of the university, he went to the Argovian Cantonal school in Switzerland. He spent a year with this professor and his family. He would go on to retake the entrance exam and pass with mostly good grades (except for French.) He enrolled in the four-year mathematics and physics teaching diploma program.
Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc^2. This is the most widely known equation in the world. It states that anything that has mass has an equivalent amount of energy and vice versa. He is also famous for his theory of relativity. Albert Einstein, in his theory of special relativity, determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and he showed that the speed of light within a vacuum is the same no matter the speed at which an observer travels.