Agriculture By: Cody Yoss

First Agriculture Revolution

The First Agriculture Revolution (also knows as Neolithic Revolution) is the movement of people from hunting and gathering to the production of plants and animals.

When did it occur? The First Agricultural Revolution started around 11,000 BC. The exact date is unknown due to small amount of records that survived. Based on the information that survived, China is known to have experienced the Revolution later than others.

What did humans do? Humans changed their behavior dramatically. During this time, humans began settling in to single areas and began to prepare and work on their land. They started planting crops and began raising animals. The crops became domesticated and animals became tame enough to be used for easy meat or pets.

How did it change the way humans lived? The First Agriculture Revolution was a fundamental change in the way people lived. The shift from hunting and gathering to agriculture led to permanent settlements.

Wheat is the first cereal to be cultivated by man.

Second Agriculture Revolution

The Second Agricultural Revolution coincided with the Industrial Revolution. It was a revolution that would move agriculture beyond, to generate more than enough needed to feed thousands of people working in factories instead of in agricultural fields. The second agricultural revolution was composed of a series of innovations, improvements, and techniques in Great Britain, the Netherlands, Denmark, and other neighboring countries.

When did it occur? The Second Agriculture Revolution occurred during the Industrial Revolution. It occurred during the late 1700s and beginning of the 1800s.

What changes happened in farming?

  • New technologies such as the seed drill helped farmers to avoid wasting seeds and to easily plant their crops in rows. Planting in rows made it easier to point out weeds from crops.
  • Farmers were using new fertilizers on crops and feeding artificial feeds to livestock.
  • The Inventions of tractors, combines, and other large farm equipment was invented. New banking and lending practices helped farmers afford the new equipment.
The Second Agriculture brought the seed drill (left), farming in rows (center) and new farm equipment (right) to help farmers with their crops.

Third Agriculture Revolution

The Third Agriculture Revolution (also called the Green Revolution) is having more advanced technology used for farming and to increase farming yields and outputs from the same amount of land.

When did it occur? The Third Agriculture Revolution occurred throughout the 1970s and 1980s.

What changes happened in farming?  Genetically engineered crops (GE) and genetically modifiedorganisms (GMOs) were commonly used due to the Third Revolution.

Here is a modern day machine collecting wheat.

Genetically Modified Organisms

What are genetically modified organisms? (Also known as GMO's) Is a plant, animal, microorganism or other organism whose genetic makeup has been modified using DNA methods. This creates unstable combinations of plant, animal, bacterial and viral genes that do not occur in nature or through traditional crossbreeding methods.

How do they change farming? GMO's changed farming to be more efficient to grow and produce the crops. One of the major selling points for GMO's was that these new crop varieties would reduce the use of pesticides.

Pros Of GMO'S

  • Resistance to insects
  • Tolerates different climates (heat, cold, or drought)
  • Tolerates herbicides
  • Crop yield

Cons Of GMO's

  • Allergies
  • Cancer
  • Sterile or dead livestock
  • The long-term effects on the environment from GMO's could be potentially negative.

Difference Between Subsistence, Commercial And Sustainable Farming

Subsistence farming is when farmers grow crops for the good of their own family. Subsistence farmers only grow exactly what their family will need throughout the year, also including clothing and other necessities that their family needs.

Commercial farming is when farmers grow crops and sell to others.

Sustainable farming produce crops and raise animals without relying on toxic chemicals.

4 Fun Facts About Agriculture

  1. Livestock farming feeds billions of people and employs 1.3 billion people.
  2. There are around 2.2 million farms in the United States
  3. More than 100 agricultural crops in the U.S. are pollinated by bees. In fact, one out of three bites of food people eat is thanks to honeybees.
  4. Plows were invented in the Middle East soon after agriculture began.

The Effects of GMO's Video


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Colbert, Treacy. "GMOs: Pros and Cons." Healthline. N.p., 05 Oct. 2016. Web. 02 Dec. 2016.

Ganzel, Bill. "GMOs & Pesticides." Living History Farm. N.p., 2009. Web. 03 Dec. 2016.

"HISTORY OF THE CULTIVATION OF PLANTS." History World. N.p., n.d. Web. 01 Dec. 2016.

Muneeruddin, Hinasahar. "The Three Agricultural Revolutions." Lewis Historical Society. N.p., 02 May 2010. Web. 04 Dec. 2016.

Segers, Rob. "What Is the Difference between Commercial Farming and Subsistence Farming?" Expedition Earth. N.p., 08 Feb. 2013. Web. 02 Dec. 2016.

"Sustainable Agriculture - The Basics." GRACE Communications Foundation. N.p., 2016. Web. 03 Dec. 2016.

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