First Agriculture Revolution
The First Agriculture Revolution (also knows as Neolithic Revolution) is the movement of people from hunting and gathering to the production of plants and animals.
When did it occur? The First Agricultural Revolution started around 11,000 BC. The exact date is unknown due to small amount of records that survived. Based on the information that survived, China is known to have experienced the Revolution later than others.
What did humans do? Humans changed their behavior dramatically. During this time, humans began settling in to single areas and began to prepare and work on their land. They started planting crops and began raising animals. The crops became domesticated and animals became tame enough to be used for easy meat or pets.
How did it change the way humans lived? The First Agriculture Revolution was a fundamental change in the way people lived. The shift from hunting and gathering to agriculture led to permanent settlements.
Second Agriculture Revolution
The Second Agricultural Revolution coincided with the Industrial Revolution. It was a revolution that would move agriculture beyond, to generate more than enough needed to feed thousands of people working in factories instead of in agricultural fields. The second agricultural revolution was composed of a series of innovations, improvements, and techniques in Great Britain, the Netherlands, Denmark, and other neighboring countries.
When did it occur? The Second Agriculture Revolution occurred during the Industrial Revolution. It occurred during the late 1700s and beginning of the 1800s.
What changes happened in farming?
- New technologies such as the seed drill helped farmers to avoid wasting seeds and to easily plant their crops in rows. Planting in rows made it easier to point out weeds from crops.
- Farmers were using new fertilizers on crops and feeding artificial feeds to livestock.
- The Inventions of tractors, combines, and other large farm equipment was invented. New banking and lending practices helped farmers afford the new equipment.