GREAT EXPECTATIONS By Malcolm Lathrop-Allen

"I saw in this, that Estella was set to wreak Miss Havisham’s revenge on men, and that she was not to be given to me until she had gratified it for a term. I saw in this, a reason for her being beforehand assigned to me. Sending her out to attract and torment and do mischief, Miss Havisham sent her with the malicious assurance that she was beyond the reach of all admirers, and that all who staked upon that cast were secured to lose" p. 237

"Pip, dear old chap, life is made of ever so many partings welded together, as I may say, and one man’s a blacksmith, and one’s a whitesmith, and one’s a goldsmith, and one’s a coppersmith. Divisions among such must come, and must be met as they come." p.175

‘Yes, Pip, dear boy, I’ve made a gentleman on you! It’s me wot has done it! I swore that time, sure as ever I earned a guinea, that guinea should go to you. I swore arterwards, sure as ever I spec’lated and got rich, you should get rich. I lived rough, that you should live smooth; I worked hard, that you should be above work. p.250

The first quote is at a crucial part in Pip's development. He has finally realized the truth about Estella and how she was raised to break the hearts of men. This is life-altering for Pip as his entire life so far has been focused around courting and marrying Estella. Pip became a gentleman and break the bonds of his family to become a worthy suitor for Estella so he is extremely heart-broken when he comes to this realization.

The second quote is from a much earlier chapter. This quote however, illustrates how Pip's journey to a higher status has alienated him from Joe and Biddy who were once his closest friends and family members. Joe and Pip are awkward when Joe comes to visit, and Joe ends his visit with this paragraph about how much they have grown apart since Pip decided to become a gentleman.

The third and final quote comes from the end of the final chapter when Pip is visited by his benefactor, Magwitch. Pip is shocked when he learns that the convict he saved years ago is actually his benefactor and not Miss Havisham. Pip is once again very distressed when he discovers that he was never meant to be with Estella and he has wasted all of this time for nothing.

At the end of part 2 Pip has just discovered that his benefactor is Magwitch, the convict and not in fact, Miss Havisham. Everything Pip worked for since he was a little boy was to raise in social status and eventually marry Estella and he believed that Miss Havisham was helping him to reach that goal. Instead, Pip is hit with the harsh reality that he was never meant to be with Estella and feels an overwhelming guilt for how he treated Biddy and Joe. Pip's self esteem is also deflated as he learns that his good fortune all came from the labor and hardships of a lower class ex-convict.

1) Growing Up

2) The importance of Social Status

3) The meaning of love

Social Class and wealth is unrelated to happiness and quality of life


Created with images by BIG ALBERT - "St Andrews Church Greenstead-juxta Ongar, Essex." • sammydavisdog - "Miss Havisham" • Karen Roe - "Ickworth Park (NT) 02-03-2012" • Karen Roe - "Ickworth Park (NT) 02-03-2012"

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