Ancient Times

Harrappan civilization had advanced architectural designed city that included full irrigation system with bathrooms and great bath.

Indus river was important part of Harrapan people. The river would flood, sometimes twice a year. It would leave fertile silt by the sides of the river. Very good for growing and creating clay in the soil.

3000 1800 BCE the Indus Valley civilization still holds a lot of mystery. Their language has not been able to be translated. It is believed 80,000 people could have lived in this city.

The trade of wheat, spices, silk, gold and pottery. Ancient trade routes traveled northeast with monsoon winds down the Red Sea returning back south-east. This was well traveled important route.

Decline of the Indus Valley people were peaceful people. There were no weapons found. It is believed they could have been conquered by Aryans people. Another belief is earthquake could have changed the landscape so much that he rivers were rerouted, and people either died or move to another location. Because of the overpopulation they would not be able to survive without water, climate change.

Aryans, Indo-European, nomadic coming from the West and North and fighting and conquering to the East.


hymns, prayers, chants, spells, 1500 500 BCE

You inherited you position in the caste system. It was believed if you were faithful to caste, did the best job possible (dharma) you will have good Karma. When you are reincarnated you know longer have to live in the caste system.

dirtiest occupations
waste product

The Untouchables described as any job dealing with waste. Endless cycle of hard labor.


Path to Inner Peace (Enlightened One) Siddhartha Gautama 563 483 BCE

Ashoka 304 to 232 BCE

Ashoka was ruled the empire conquered many nations. Destroying everyone in his path. He killed over 300,000 at Kalinga, and regret this embraced the dharma. The practice of be conscious of your character, your duty, of how you treat your family, your employer. Practice good relationships. This follows the teaching of Buddhism. Ashoka refused to fight, decided to help the poor, sick and old.

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