Pancreas Cancer by tonio vereen

What Is Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is a disease in which cancerous cells form in the tissues of the pancreas.

Cells in the pancreas begin to grow uncontrolled. Cancer cells then have the ability to spread to nearby lymph nodes and organs

As it grows, a pancreatic tumor can affect the function of the pancreas, grow into nearby blood vessels and organs, and eventually spread through a process called metastasis to other parts of the body.

BRCA2 is mutated in pancreatic cancer.

Symptoms

There are no symptoms in the early stages. Later stages are associated with symptoms, but these can be non-specific, such as lack of appetite and weight loss.

Symptoms: abdomen or middle back pain, fluid in the abdomen, nausea, fatigue, weight loss, dark urine, yellow skin and yellow eyes.

Possible Causes Of The Cancer

About 30% of pancreatic cancer cases are thought to be a direct result of cigarette smoking. People who smoke cigarettes are twice as likely to develop pancreatic cancer as people who do not smoke cigarettes. Additionally, the cancerous tumors that form as a result of cigarette smoking grow at an accelerated rate and develop approximately 10 years earlier than tumors not related to smoking.

Up to 15% of pancreatic cancer is related to a family history of the disease. The risk of developing pancreatic cancer increases by 2-3 times if a person's mother, father, sibling, or child had pancreatic cancer. The risk multiplies if a greater number of family members are affected.

Prevention

There is no proven way to prevent pancreatic cancer, but there are some recommendations that may reduce your risk of developing it. Stop smoking, eating healthy and going on healthy diets.

Treatments

Surgery may be done if the tumor has not spread or has spread very little. Along with surgery, chemotherapy or radiation therapy or both may be used before or after surgery. A small number of people can be cured with this treatment approach.

When the tumor has not spread out of the pancreas but cannot be surgically removed, chemotherapy and radiation therapy together may be recommended.

When the tumor has spread (metastasized) to other organs such as the liver, chemotherapy alone is usually used.

With advanced cancer, the goal of treatment is to manage pain and other symptoms. For example, if the tube that carries bile is blocked by the pancreatic tumor, a procedure to place a tiny metal tube (stent) may be done to open the blockage. This can help relieve loss of appetite, jaundice, and itching of the skin.

Diagnoses

Computed tomography (CT scan): A scanner takes multiple X-ray pictures, and a computer reconstructs them into detailed images of the inside of the abdomen. A CT scan helps doctors make a pancreatic cancer diagnosis.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): Using magnetic waves, a scanner creates detailed images of the abdomen, in particular the area around the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.

Ultrasound: Harmless sound waves reflected off organs in the belly create images, potentially helping doctors make a pancreatic cancer diagnosis.

Positron emission tomography (PET scan): Radioactive glucose injected into the veins is absorbed by cancer cells. PET scans may help determine the degree of pancreatic cancer spread.

How Common Is The Disease

Work Cited

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000236.htm

http://www.webmd.com/cancer/pancreatic-cancer/pancreatic-cancer-diagnosis#1

https://pancreaticcanceraction.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/Incidence-by-age-group-vs-5-yr-survival.png

https://cbwcancerproject.wikispaces.com/file/view/pancreaticstats.jpg/226031346/521x345/pancreaticstats.jpg

https://www.lustgarten.org/get-informed/how-can-pancreatic-cancer-be-prevented

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