North America Anasazi,Mississippian and Iroquois By: Grace Romer

Social Aspects of North American Peoples: Family was the basis for social organization for Native Americans Family which included: extended, parents, children, relatives, grandparents and close ancestors. Some tribes organized families into clans. Totem poles were traditionally made to assist a clan or individual to identify itself. Totem symbols were used for identification, rituals or dances, naming of children or crop harvesting.
Political: Woodland tribes often clashed with each other over land. Some tribes formed political alliances to ensure protection of tribal lands. Land was sacred to Native American peoples. A league called the Iroquois League is an example of political alliance between multiple tribes The Iroquois League leader Chief Hiawatha’s goal was to “promote joint defense and cooperation among the tribes.” (World History pg. 444)
Interactions: Tribes formed alliances for protection due to frequent warfare. The Kwakiutl, Nootka and Haida peoples most important resource was the sea for trade to import and export their goods to other tribes. Trade routes significantly tied tribes together.
Cultural: Native Americans believed that the world around them was filled with nature spirits Some groups held one Great Spirit above all others North American peoples believed spirits gave them rituals and customs to guide their lives in the effort to satisfy their basic needs If rituals were practiced they would live in peace and harmony
The connection between native North Americans was economical and cultural. They had similar religious beliefs and shared social patterns. Trade linked people of North America and Chinook people established a lively market place which brought together goods from the West Mississippian trade networks and stretched from the Rocky Mountains to the Atlantic coast to the Great Lakes and to the Gulf of Mexico.
Mississippian culture was based on the cultivation of corn, beans, squash and other crops which resulted in large concentrations of people near riverine bottom lands. Irrigation was used to produce harvests of crops to transport water to grow healthy produce.
Mound Builders in 700 B.C. in a culture known as the Adena began to build huge earthen mounds in which they buried their dead. 500 years later the Hopewell culture began building burial mounds that contained the bodies of tribal leaders were often filled with gifts. The last Mound Builder culture was the Mississippian. It lasted until the arrival of the Europeans who created thriving villages of farm and trade.
Native religious beliefs also included great respect for land. The source of life Native American was all types of terrain they used but tried to not alter it. Land was sacred to them.
Economic: The sea was a key resource to the Natives. Many peoples on the pacific coast hunted whales. Large marine life were hunted in large canoes that could sometimes hold up to 15 people. The coastal forest provided plentiful food and a pathway for trade.
The Native American peoples were mortals that withheld great respect for their earth that provided them with the resources necessary for survival and development.

Credits:

Created with images by bimbatoe - "wigwam tepee tipi" • PublicDomainPictures - "totem pole faces" • ZIPNON - "totem pole bird" • Rennett Stowe - "Native American Faith" • JdyJdyJdy - "native american dance indian" • SusieCStone - "beach sunset beach sunset" • SupportPDX - "Crops" • Becker1999 - "Adena Mound" • mypubliclands - "Goosenecks State Park Overlook" • werner22brigitte - "humpback whale natural spectacle nature" • wgbieber - "sun sunset abendstimmung"

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