What is it used for & how much Money does it bring to Canada?
The fishing industry is used for many things such as supplying fish to markets and factories. Commercial fishing is catching fish and/or other seafood's usually in bulk amounts. Often for food purposes or fish oils. Half of the fish that is caught or raised is consumed straight by humans, the oher half is canned, salted, dried, smoked , or cured. It is also very helpful at keeping the Canadian waters from being over populated by sea creatures.
Canada has a huge fishing industry that contributes largely to the Canadian economy. In 2015 Canada exported $6 billion in fish and seafood. The fishing industry of Ontario produced approximately $234 million that went towards the provinces economy 2011.
Current Issues for your Resource & the Impact they have on People in Canada.
In many fisheries across Canada and internationally it is found very challenging to only catch the single target species without taking or harming an other. Including Fish, Migratory birds, and marine mammals. Also, to avoid catching any young or juvenile fish to increase population of the species .
During the past few centuries, fishing has been taken advantage of and the amount of fish and sea life has been extracted at a rate in which the natural fish population can not replenish its self. Overfishing is not an exact outcome of all fishing, many fisheries have created plans in which they catch and provide fish at a steady rate. This helps the population of the fish to stay at a manageable and sustainable population.
Workers skill sets
Another problem with this industry is finding people to become or work as fishers, as they must be trained to know migration patterns, habits, how to catch fish and much more. It takes a lot of studying, determination, and hard work to become a fisher. You must be willing to work in harsh weather and long hours. 24,000 people world wide are killed in the fishing industry annually.
Current methods of extracting, developing & producing?
Cast Net Fishing
Cast nets are usually made of mesh that is knotted from a thin thread. Often Made from artificial polymides like nylon. It is mainly round or oval & is usually thrown or cast by one person. It has small weights around the sides to sink to the bottom, thus catching and sea creatures under it. Cast net fishing is one of the oldest and most sustainable fishing methods. Because they are more accurate at capturing one species than what ever is in the area, like other methods. history shows that the ancient Polynesians that settles during the 4th and 9th century most likely brought this skill with them
Aquaculture, also know as fish farming is a way of commercially raising fish that will eventually be processed. Because the need for fish is so high on demand that Canadian waters and being overfished, fish farms are an alternative source for the fishing industry. Over 50% percent of all Canadian exported fish are raised in farms.
What can we do to make fish more sustainable?
What's at stake?
- The worlds oceans produce 70% of the oxygen
- 950 million people rely on fish as their main source of food
- 200 million people who's livelihoods depend on fishing
What will happen if we continue to deny issues?
If we keep on denying the issues that are present we will lose one of the most valuable resources on our planet. We will continue to destroy the habitats of may creatures and also put species at risk of being endangered or extinct. 76,00 people will lose their jobs if the fishing industry is shut down.
How can we help?
Some things are inevitable, but there are many thing's we can do to help just in our community's such as making sure that the fish products we buy are eco friendly and made by companies that are certified. You can look for the MSC eco-label on your fish before you purchase it to ensure that the products you are buying are not illegally fished.