- Origin- Arose at the start of the 7th century and is considered to be an Abrahamic Religion, just like Christianity and Judaism. Islam began in the city of Mecca, which is located in current day Saudi-Arabia. The founder of Islam is the prophet Muhammad, but religions like Christianity don't accept Muhammad as a prophet.
- Main Beliefs- The religious holy book of Islam is the Quran, and their place of worship is a Mosque (equivalent to a church in the Christian faith, and a Synagogue to Judaism). The religious leader to Muslims is the Imam. The 5 Pillars are the rules that Muslims follow, and to fulfill their faith, living by these rules will allow them to live as Holy as they can.
- Branches/ Various Sects- The most common branches of Islam are the Sunni, and the Shi'ite's. The Sunni are mostly located in Turkey, Pakistan, and India, while the Shi'ite's are mostly located in Iraq, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. Both sects have various subtle differences in the performance of prayer. The Sunni believe that the leader should be chosen by the people, while the Shi'ite's believe that the leader is Muhammad and his family
- Key Holidays/ Celebrations- One of the biggest, most important traditions is the pilgrimage to Mecca. On this journey, they go in a 5 day trip and pray at many different mosques. Another famous holiday is Ramadan, during the ninth month of the year, fasting takes place by all Muslims. The fasting includes no food or water from sun up, to sun down. Eid Al-Fitr is celebrated at the end of Ramadan, often times Muslim give zakat (charity) to organizations.
The Islamic Holy Book- Quran
An Islamic Holiday- Ramadan
This is the known founder of Islam- Muhammad