Freedom Summer 1964

what lead to this?

African Americans from Mississippi wanted to vote just like all the other people and for centuries, they were segregated from schools, public office, work and so much other places; however, the white people didn't like competition or sharing. This is exactly what racist white people thought, if African Americans get the right to vote, then that means they're part of the politcal power, and Caucasians didn't like that idea, they were afraid. Mississippi was known for being one of the most racist state in America. And so the Freedom Summer was created and is also known as the Mississippi Summer Project. It all started in June of 1964.

what were the goals?

The goal of the Mississippi Summer Project was to help register and encourage as much African Americans to vote, but not in just Mississippi but the whole South. Also, they wanted to establish a new political party in the south, create the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, open up the whole community centers to everyone, challenge Congressional elections and the democratic national committee, and create more freedom schools. The other goal was to have equality among Africans and Caucasian people.

Who was involved?

The people involved in Freedom Summer was Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), non-violent student organizations (SNCC), and hundreds of mixed, (mostly) white college students from the North. Of course, people didn't like this idea, so other groups involved in this would be the Ku Klux Klan, police, local and state authorities too. The Mississippi Summer Project was run by COFO or Council of Federated Organization. The most important people that were involved was Robert Moses, which proposed the idea of all this, Dave Dennis, from sit-ins and freedom rides, he joined this, Annie Devine, Fannie Lou Hamer, Mary King, and Julian Bond, which were all involved in some type of group and ended up challenging the white-supremacist delegation.

WHAT KIND OF OBSTACLES DID THEY FACE AND HOW DID THEY DEAL WITH THAT?

But for those who were involved, faced many violence. The KKK or anyone really would kill, beat, rape, fired, tortured, arrested, or even kicked out of their homes to African Americans and if you did register, some African American names would appear on the newspaper and you could be targeted, fired, or your family would be in danger. Some would take the pain and still stand tall to overcome these abuses because they wanted to keep it a non-violence protest. Before they were out into the streets to protest, they were practicing on how to act and what not to do.

The very first day of this, June 21, James Chaney, Michael Shwerner, and Andrew Goodman went missing. After 6 weeks, their bodies were discovered (dead) and found their car all wrecked. - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Syw8DfFzwlI&spfreload=10&scrlybrkr=d606d10d -

WHAT HAPPENED AFTER THE MISSISSIPPI SUMMER PROJECT?

After the Mississippi Summer Project, there was still struggle in segregation and repression throughout the whole south, today in America, anyone and everyone can vote (if over 18 or legal), because the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed. It banned literacy tests, expanded the voting rights to hispanics all the way till 1975, and empowered the federal government to oversee voter registration and was against discrimination of minorities in other states.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1XhHiATDxu8&spfreload=10&scrlybrkr=d606d10d -- 50 years later and how it all started.

Current Event

I compare this picture as a current event because today, many minorities are forced, not really physically, but more mentally, to stay quiet and keep their opinions to themselves and they want to now stand all together (non-violently) and help stop that. I also compare this event to the LBGT group because they create marches and protests to help have equal rights within those who are gay. Ever since the law that anyone can marry anyone even with the same gender, people had accept it more and more throughout the years.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pIgo-ydicnk&spfreload=10&scrlybrkr=d606d10d - watch this video to get an inside look

REFERENCES

HISTORY.com (n.d.). Freedom Summer - Black History - HISTORY.com. HISTORY.com. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/freedom-summer

N.a (n.d.). Wisconsin Historical Society. Wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved from http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=N:4294963828-4294963805&dsRecordDetails=R:CS3707

Credits:

Created with images by Marcela McGreal - "Solidarity"

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