- Daniel Ortega is the current president of Nicaragua, elected in 2007.
- He was also president from 1984-1990.
- Ortega attended the Central American University in Managua in the late 1950s
- He became a member of the Sadinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) in 1963.
- By 1967 he became the leader of the FSLN's urban resistance against the ruling Samoza family.
- After being released from prison in 1774 because of a bank robbery, he was exiled to Cuba where he had several months of guerilla training.
- Ortega secretly escaped back to Nicaragua where he made alliances with businesses and political groups.
- This lead into a full-fledged civil war with the Sadinista victory in 1979.
- Out of the five members of the Sadinista junta, Ortega became the coordinator in 1981.
- He became president of Nicaragua three years later.
- Ortega ran again for president in 1990 and 1996, but was defeated both times.
- Then, once again, Ortega ran for president of Nicaragua in 2006, and won. He took office in Jan. 2007.
- Between 2009 and 2014, Ortega managed to decrease the poverty level from 42 to 30 percent.
- Unemployment also fell to about 7%.
- In 2011, Ortega ran again because he convinced the Nicaraguan Supreme Court to lift the ban on consecutive re-election.
- Ortega then recently ran for president in 2016, with his wife, the government's former chief spokesperson, as his vice president, winning with 72% of the vote.
8 Themes Connection
Daniel Ortega connects to the empire building and economy themes. Ortega is a president, so he was able to "build the empire" of Nicaragua by decreasing hunger and illiteracy. Daniel Ortega connects to the economy theme because he helped Nicaragua's economy by maintaining free trade along with bringing out jobs that supported the main economy. He also decreased poverty levels in Nicaragua by 12%.
"Ortega took office in January 2007, and, during his first months as president, it seemed to many that he carries out his inaugural promises of implementing programs to eliminate hunger and illiteracy among the country's impoverished, of maintaining a free-trade agreement with the United States, and of creating more private jobs."
Controversies over Daniel Ortega being president- Aljazeera (Yes, it's in English)