James Mercer Langston Hughes was born February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri.
Langston Hughes was a poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist.
He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry. Hughes is best known as a leader of the Harlem Renaissance in New York City.
Langston Hughes was one of the most important writers of the Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance was the African American artistic movement in the 1920s that celebrated black life and culture. His creative genius was influenced by his life in New York City's Harlem, a primarily African American neighborhood.