Children were often considered miniature versions of adults. This was because they were to expected to act like adults and be mature (Singman 40).
Raising the kids
Raising the children was a hard task because they could roll into the fire or water at any moment. In rich families, the nursemaids would care for and help raise the kids. But most of the time in middle class families mothers would raise the kids. If a middle class family was big they would have the older kids help out with the younger kids. Children were often "tied to a mother's apron strings" or put into a wooden walker (Cohen 186-187).
Charity or The Family of the Artist, c.1528 . Fine Art. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/108_224013/1/108_224013/cite. Accessed 22 Mar 2017.
The infant mortality rate in Elizabethan England was 33%. A quarter of children died before age 10 while and eighth of children died before age 1 (Singman 39). A high rate of diseases, lack of effective medical care, and unhygienic conditions all contributed to this high infant mortality rate. Because of this people had lots of kids and wouldn't get attached to them until they knew they'd have survive for at least a while. They also put effort into finding religious consolation in grief of losing their children (Medici 43).
Children were brought up to obey their parents and be very polite to them. They were always told to stand up when speaking to their parents and never to interrupt them. Children were heavily punished for doing something wrong. This was because parents wanted them to learn from it and to never do it again (Jones 9).
Child With a Lute (Detail From the Presentation OF JESUS IN THE TEMPLE). Fine Art. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/107_3350547/1/107_3350547/cite. Accessed 22 Mar 2017.
Education for children
Only a minority of Elizabethan children received formal schooling. The number however did continue growing. There was no national system of education. Children began their schooling at a petty school. Some children learned informally through private teaching, from either a family member or a neighbor (Jones 34-40).
Austria, Vienna, Madonna and Child. Photopgraphy. Britannica ImageQuest, Encyclopædia Britannica, 25 May 2016. quest.eb.com/search/126_3739952/1/126_3739952/cite. Accessed 22 Mar 2017.
ShakespeareLivesHere. “Walk in William's Footsteps.” YouTube, YouTube, 22 Mar. 2016, www.youtube.com/watch?v=hyPL_T_tSzc. Accessed 22 Mar. 2017.
Cohen, Elizabeth S., and Thomas V. Cohen. Daily Life in Renaissance Italy. Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2001.
Forgeng, Jeffrey L. Daily Life in Elizabethan England. Santa Barbara, CA, Greenwood Press, 2010.
Jones, Madeline. Growing up in Stuart Times. London, B.T. Batsford, 1979.
Medici, Anthony G. "Society and Culture in Shakespeare’s Day." The Facts On File Companion to Shakespeare, by William Baker and Kenneth Womack, vol. 1, Facts on File, 2012, pp. 24-45. Facts On File Library of World Literature. Gale Virtual Reference Library, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GVRL&sw=w&u=nysl_ca_queen&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CCX2025400014&it=r&asid=c87445b884972c236c27fad35e6c08ba. Accessed 2 Mar. 2017