Water scarcity in Egyypt Student-Jack HANRATTY: Teacher- Miss Yeo

Physical water scarcity is when you physically don't have the water in your environment.

Economic water scarcity is when your can't aford water money wise.

The environment in North Africa, causes water scarcity as their climate has low rainfall and high temperatures. This means that water is often evaporated quickly. The technology in North Africa also causes water scarcity because of the lack of infrastructure such as drain pipes. This means only a small percentage of the population has access to clean drinking water. The culture in North Africa also means their population grows quickly. This causes water scarcity as a demand for a bigger supply of water. The government changes the way we deal and clean water.

Egypt is located in North Africa next to Sudan, Libya and Israel

Egypt is facing an annual water deficit of around 7 billion cubic metres and the rapid population increase multiplies the stress on Egypt's water supply. They also very low run off rates and high evaporation rates.

My graph shows all the main water resources in Egypt. The climate in Egypt varies from surprisingly cold to extremely hot. Along the northern coast of the country the climate is Mediterranean during winter (December through March) cool, windy and humid, with occasional rains. Sometimes Mt. Sinai can be covered with snow! The negative affects of water shortages will be felt by varying countries to different degrees. Due to seasonal rains, floods and differences in availability to water during the year. Egypt has been suffering from severe water scarcity in recent years. Uneven water distribution, The pollution of river Nile is an issue that has been regularly underestimated.


This graphs shows Egypt has low precipitation levels and high temperatures which means lots of people in Egypt don't get enough water because of these conditions.

The environment affects Egypt by the rising populations and Rapid economic development in the country's of the Nile Basin, also pollution and environment is decreasing water availability in Egypt.

Egypt's environmental problems include water scarcity and air scarcity, and suffering damage to historic monuments and houses/buildings, they also have animal welfare issues. Their water table is rising throughout Egypt for a variety of reasons. The growing population of Egypt is restraining the amount of water everyone gets.

Egypt's water availability

This graph shows the water availability in Egypt like the Nile River and many more small and big rivers. The availability of water in Egypt impacts on water scarcity by the people may have lots of rivers but most of them are populated or have diseases in them this affects people by not enough water to meat the demands of the people in Egypt. This causes kids to not be able to go to school to learn because they have to spend most of their time searching for safe drinking water.

Water scarcity in Egypt.

Egypt has been suffering from severe water scarcity in recent years. Uneven water distribution, misuse of water resources and inefficient irrigation techniques are some of the major factors playing havoc with water security in the country. Egypt has only 20 cubic meters per person of internal renewable freshwater resources, and as a result the country relies heavily on the Nile River for its main source of water. The River Nile is the backbone of Egypt’s industrial and agricultural sector and is the primary source of drinking water for the population.

By Jack

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