Exploring interactions between organisms in pandora The PANDORA PROJECT

Ecology is the Science of relationships. It focuses on the interactions between organisms and their environment.

Activity 1 - abiotic & biotic factors

The environment is made up of two factors:

  1. Biotic factors: All living organisms. This includes plant cells, animal cells and unicellular organisms.
  2. Abiotic factors: All non-living parts of the environment. This includes temperature, soil, rocks, water, and air.

Making Observations: Have a look at the video clip below and make sure to identify a minimum of 5 abiotic and 5 biotic things seen.

Activity 2 - trophic levels and their interactions

Look at the following website and fill in the table below

Watch the video clip again this time take a screenshot of:

  • 1 x Producer
  • 1 x Herbivore Consumer
  • 1 x Omnivore Consumer
  • 1 x Carnivore Consumer

For each screenshot make sure to justify why you have classified it as a producer, herbivore, omnivore or carnivore

Activity 3 - [PBL]

You will be required to design a planet that does not exist and develop a 2-3 minute digital presentation. That explains:

• Name of planet

• Where planet is found

• A satellite image of planet

• A cross section of planet

• Biospheres and different ecosystems

• A list of abiotic and biotic factors

• One functional food chain and images to illustrate

Part 1: Preliminary Research

Part 2: Describe your ecosystem

  • What are the abiotic conditions (e.g., temperature, seasons, climate, pH, humidity, soil, terrain)?
  • What are the biotic factors (e.g., the producers; decomposers; primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers)?
  • Sketch a food chain found in your ecosystem.
  • Make a folder with images you could use for animal creation as inspiration. You will need these if you use photoshop
Photoshop workshops below on:

Part 3 - Presentation

You may choose to present using:

  1. Adobe voice
  2. Comic strip maker
  3. Trailer video on Imovie

If you would like to use a different method of presentation consult with your teacher for approval.

Activity 4 - symbiotic interactions

Visible Thinking

SEE: Look at the images above and write down 6 things you notice.

THINK: What interactions can you notice? Are they positive, negative or do you believe they have no effect on the organisms interacting?

WONDER: Let your mind wonder and think about things that might not make sense to you. Come up with 5 questions you could investigate with regards to the images above.

Have a look at the web resource below and answer the following questions
  1. Identify the differences between mutualism, comensalism and parasitism.

2. Classify mutualism, commensalism and parasitism as either a beneficial or detrimental interaction.

3. How are symbiotic relationship and trophic levels interrelated.


If you were to write a headline for this topic or issue right now that captured the most important aspect that should be remembered, what would that headline be?

Submit to your teacher

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.