The Benefits Rapid Indistrial Growth in the U.S. MJ Brady hour 6

The Industrial Revolution was a period in the end of the eighteenth century to the mid-twentieth century when goods moved from being sold out of homes to being sold out of larger businesses and factories. The first factory in the United States was built when Samuel Slater brought new manufacturing techniques and technologies over from Britain. The first factory was a cotton mill powered by water called Slater's Mill. The fast industrial development sparked new, more efficient ways of communication and transportation along with immigration, labor unions, and labor reforms. Rapid industrial development was a blessing for Americans because it improved communication, prompted better transportation, and initiated the first labor unions.

The Telegraph

When the economy started to grow and more goods were being transported and sold, new ways to communicate were needed. Mailing took a long time to deliver and business owners needed ways to share shipment information with the stores or buyers. In the 1830s and 1840s Samuel Morse developed the telegraph. Messages from the telegraph traveled through wires and were sent in Morse Code. Morse Code has a series of lines, dashes, and dots for each letter of the alphabet and sent messages much more efficiently than mail.


A high point in rail development came in 1869, when workers laid tracks that joined the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads near Ogden, Utah. This marked the worlds first transcontinental rail line. The new railroads spurred more economic growth because they made it much easier to ship materials to factories. Manufacturers used the railroads to ship finished products to different points across the country. By 1900 there were nearly 200,000 miles of railroads in the U.S.

Labor Unions

Labor Unions are groups of workers that band together to protect their rights in the business. Labor Unions were formed in the mid-1800s because work conditions in factories were considered unsafe for employees. There were long work hours, unsanitary conditions, improper lighting, dangerous tasks, and child laborers. Unions would go on strike (periods of not working) until their demands were met. The Unions brought about labor reforms making working conditions safer for factory employees.

Works Cited

Eihnhorn, Robin L., Ph.D., and Bruce J. Schulman, Ph.D. "United States, History of the." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2017.

First Telegraphic Message---24 May 1844. 1844. Library of Congress. By Samuel Finley Breese. Web. 8 Mar. 2017.

Long Key Viaduct of the Over-the-sea Railroad to Key West, Fla. 1926. Library of Congress. Web. 9 Mar. 2017.

Suffrage Parade. N.d. World Book. Web. 9 Mar. 2017.

"Teachers Guide Primary Source Set: The Industrial Revolution in the United States." (n.d.): n. pag. Library of Congress. Web. 8 Mar. 2017.

"The Lesson of the War." The Toiler. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Mar. 2017.

"Union Pacific Railway and Connections." Library of Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Mar. 2017.

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.