Jose de San Martin (http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/independenceinargentina/a/Biography-Of-Jose-De-San-Martin10.htm)
The name Argentina comes from the Spanish adjective meaning "silver". The first navigators of the Americas navigated into the wide Río de la Plata expecting a pasage to Asia. New navigations sparked from a rumor of large amounts of silver in a place now known as Argentina. Europeans first arrived in the region with the 1502 Portuguese voyage of Gonçalo Coelho and Amerigo Vespucci. The Spanish popularized this region by establishing the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata in 1776. This viceroyalty included the nations of today's Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay, as well as much of present-day Bolivia. The May Revolution defeated the viceroy and various other forms of central government were considered, but the viceroyalty was renamed and reestablished.
Flag of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (http://jeansalem.fr/fr_FR/actualites/presse/)
The very first fights against the royalists were sparked by Manuel Belgrano and Juan José Castelli. José de San Martín arrived in Buenos Aires with other generals of the Peninsular War. They gave a newfound strength to the Revolutionary war, which was marked by the defeat of the royalist resistance at the Banda Oriental. San Martin was entrusted with the protection of Buenos Aires and the creation of Argentina's first unified cavalry team.
Jose de San Martin's Travels (https://www.tripline.net/trip/Jose_de_San_Martin's_Travels-305753606445100594B0F5092D441646)
What does this mean for the future?
The fighting and liberations of San Martin established the Congress of Tucumán. It declared independence from all foreign powers and was recognized as an independent nation in 1825 with the signing of a Treaty of Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation from Great Britian on Feb. 2nd. The Revolution of Argentina brought fourth another nail in the coffin of colonization. One by one, nations were revolting against the superpowers of Europe. What kind of nation will Argentina grow to be? The uniqueness of every rebelling nation would bring fourth a whole new era of cultural enrichment and uniqueness to the New World and bring an end to the Old World's rule.