Rabies was first discovered and explained as "an incurable wound." A 9 year old boy was bitten by a rapid dog. The parents of the boy begged Pasteur to help their son. Pasteur injected the boy with a weak form of the virus. This ended up helping and started the journey of curing the disease.
Rabies is usually caused by a bite from an infected mammal. It is a viral infection. Rabies is caused by one animal biting another. The fusion of the rabies virus envelope to the host cell membrane (adsorption) initiates the infection process. The interaction of the G protein and specific cell surface receptors may be involved. After adsorption, the virus penetrates the host cell and enters the cytoplasm by pinocytosis the virus attacks nervous tissue. The wounds can take up to weeks to heal. It affects the spinal cord and brain. Animals that can spread rabies are: bats, foxes and skunks.
Rabies vaccine is made from killed rabies virus. It can not cause Rabies.
Rabies is uncommon in the US, but globally its impact is still felt. In 2010, an estimated 26,000 people died from rabies, down from 54,000 in 1990. Most of these deaths were in India and Africa.
Although it is not as rampant in the U.S. as in other parts in the world, rabies is still a dangerous threat. Rabies is categorized as a zoonotic disease, meaning that it is a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans, or from humans to animals. In fact, according to the World Health Organization, 55,000 people die of rabies every year.
Vaccinate your pets. Keep your pets confined. Protect small pets from predators. Report stray animals to local authorities. Don't approach wild animals. Keep bats out of your home.
The rabies vaccine has helped many people and science today. Before the vaccine was made almost every person infected by the disease ended in death. After the vaccine was created, it has saved millions of life's.
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