Syrian Civil War by Clay Burgess

Who's Involved?

The Syrian Civil war has multiple parties involved. These parties include the Lebanese militia, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Al Qaeda, and lastly, the Rebels fighting Assad. There are 4 main parties involved, each with one foreign backing. The four main groups involved are the Rebels, Kurd's, Assad, and ISIS (Zorithian).

The Lebanese militia backs Assad in his fight against the rebels and terrorist groups to maintain his views and position as President of Syria.

Meanwhile, the U.S.A splits its assistance between the Kurds and the rebels. The Kurds consist mainly of people from Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria. The US lends its helping hand to the Rebels, who originally began from the Free Syrian Army (Manfreda).

Parties involved

Each of these main parties have Foreign backings who supply money, supplies, etc. Assad is backed by Iran, Vladimir Putin's Soviet Union, as well as Hezbollah. The US as well as the Soviet Union do not have troops on the ground fighting, but they supply to the group that they are supporting.

There are radical terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda and ISIS as well fighting in this war trying to push their views of religion. There are lots of parties involved in this war, each have some sort of backing or support.

History of the War

Conflict arose in 1970 when Assad took control of Syria. From that point on protests began.

The first significant protest was to reform the government in order to have more democratic views (Syrian Civil Unrest). “Pro-democracy protests erupted in March 2011 in the southern city of Deraa after the arrest and torture of some teenagers who painted revolutionary slogans on a school wall." (Syrian Civil Unrest).

Protests against Assad originally started peacefully, shortly after he took control.

The government working under Assad eventually took Violent action against these peaceful protests which started the war.

Countries joined in and picked a side; the rebels or Assad. "When the demonstrations continued over the course of several days, government forces resorted to violence.” (Syrian Civil Unrest).

The Russians intended to send troops into Iraq to help control the Terrorism that was occurring. "“Russia may assert that its intervention in Syria is to defeat terrorists and terrorism" (Syria: No way In, No way out).

Russia asked for assistance in this action from the government, as to not repeat the events that occurred outside of Syria, in the same month.

The U.S. came in to back the rebels after violence was brought to the protest.

The U.S. had plans to train the Rebels to fight ISIS and Assad. “A US program to train and arm 5,000 rebels to take the fight to IS on the ground" (Syria: The story of the conflict).

“The first large-scale demonstrations in Syria occurred on 15 March, called the "Day of Rage" (Syrian Civil Unrest). The first major scale democratic protest against Assad occurred on March 15, 2011. This was a turning point in the Syrian Civil war.

Causes of the Conflict

“In 1970, former military leader Hafez al-Assad assumed control of the country." (Syrian Civil Unrest) When Assad took control of the country in 1970 he maintained strict, non-democratic control over Syria. The Syrian peoples did not agree with his ruling of Syria.

"troops occupied the city; on 30 April, they opened fire on a mosque where demonstrators had gathered, killing six.” (Syrian Civil Unrest) Troops invaded the city of Daraa to end protest against Assad, and used Violence to keep Civilians in check. Naturally, the civilians defended themselves, and the Rebels were formed.

Effects of the Syrian Civil War

The war-torn country of Syria has had millions of immigrants since the beginning of the war and the country is no longer safe. “The violence and dire living conditions for many of the displaced have put millions of children in grave danger” (Harness).

“Since the upheaval in Syria began five years ago, as many as 250,000 people have been killed and millions have fled their homes” (Harness). Syrian refugees flee to countries all around Syria and countries in Europe as well. “The focus of the refugee crisis has largely been on Europe, where more than a million desperate people arrived last year. But far more of the displaced have remained in countries nearer to Syria.” (Harness).

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