5 Themes of Geography in Ghana By: kira haworth
Political parties became legal in mid-1992 after a ten-year hiatus. The Government of Ghana was created as a parliamentary democracy, followed by alternating military and civilian governments. Since independence, Ghana has been devoted to ideals of nonalignment and is a founding member of the non-aligned movement.
In an election that became a referendum on Ghana’s faltering economy, Nana Akufo-Addo, a leader of the opposition, surfaced Friday as the winner over the incumbent president, John Mahama.
Mr. Akufo-Addo, a lawyer and former foreign minister, rode a wave of popular discontent at a time when the growth rate has plummeted along with oil and commodity prices.
The West African country, which produces oil, gold and cocoa, has endured a currency crisis, electricity shortages, and took a $918 million bailout from the International Monetary Fund last year in the face of mounting debt.
The weight of those economic woes proved an insurmountable hurdle for Mr. Mahama, who ascended from the vice presidency in 2012 following the death of his predecessor, John Atta Mills.
Mr. Akufo-Addo won 53.9 percent of the roughly 11 million votes cast compared with 44.4 percent for Mr. Mahama, Ghana’s electoral commission announced Friday night.
Supporters who had gathered for hours at Mr. Akufo-Addo’s compound in the center of Accra, the capital, erupted in ecstasy at the news that Mr. Mahama had called his rival to concede defeat.