Muhammad is the founder and chief prophet of Islam and the source for the Quran. He was born in 570 AD in the city of Mecca, shortly after his fathers death. Later, the "highly praised" as he was called passed away in 632 AD.
Muhammad's First Revelation
According to Islam, Muhammad's fist revelation occurred when Muhammad was 40 in the cave of Hira. He was commanded by God, through His angel, Gabriel, to declare His Oneness to the idolaters and polytheists of the whole world, and to deliver the message of peace to an embattled humanity. Gabriel commands him to recite the first lines of chapter 96 of the Koran.
The Quran is the most important book in Islam. It contains the teachings and story of the chief prophet of Islam, Muhammad. The Quran, whose name means "recitation" in Arabic, is the sacred text of Muslims and the highest authority in both religious and legal matters.
It is divided into 114 surahs (chapters) of widely varying length, which, with the exception of the opening surah (fatihah), are generally arranged from longest to shortest.
Most of the Quran is written in the first person plural, with Allah as the speaker. When Muhammad himself speaks, his words are introduced by "Say," to clarify he is being commanded by Allah to speak
Muslims believe the Quran to be a flawless record of the angel Gabriel's revelations to Muhammad from 610 until his death in 632 AD.