Multiple Myeloma By:cole kardIs

What is multiple myeloma?

Multiple myeloma is a cancer where white blood cells in the bone marrow called plasma cells become cancerous and multiply. My uncle had multiple myeloma and died from it.

A more in-depth version of what multiple myeloma is that it causes cancer cells to grow and multiply in the bone marrow, where they crowd out the good, healthy blood cells. Instead of producing helpful antibodies, or blood protein made in response to specific toxins, cancer cells produce different proteins that are foreign to the bone marrow and can cause kidney problems.

Signs and symptoms

  • A doctor can diagnose someone with multiple myeloma if the have
  • Pain in the back from bone fractures
  • loss of appetite
  • constipation
  • weight loss
  • Kidneys may lose ability to remove waste


  • Stem cell transplants(usually a bone marrow transplant) Doctors will use a syringe to inject the stem cells into the patient.
  • Chemotherapy, which is the use of drugs to treat cancer, and can be delivered in many different ways including by liquid, by pill, by shot which is an injection, by skin cream, or put directly into a vein.
  • Blood transfusion, which is a process where blood donors' blood is pumped into you using an IV. (Believe me, you don't want to see pictures on the treatments.)

Long term effects

Some long term effects include Anemia, and Hypercalcemia. Anemia is a condition where a persons blood doesn't have enough healthy red blood cells. Hypercalcemia is when the body actually has too much calcium in the blood. Signs of Hypercalcemia are like increased thirst and urination, stomach pain, nausea, bone pain, muscle weakness, confusion, sleepiness, and fatigue.

As severe and deadly as it is, the cause of multiple myeloma is unknown. Multiple myeloma is said to be on the rare side of diseases, at 200,000 United States cases a year.

At a cellular level, multiple myeloma is cancer cells affecting the body in different places and ways. The multiple myeloma ribbon since it is a type of cancer, is burgundy.

Created By
Cole Kardis


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