Government: the Ottomans had a sultan with grand viziers who were second in command. The Ottomans had a millet system where they seperated into different religious communities that governed themselves but reported back to the sultan. The Ottomans trained slave soldiers called Janissaries who were young Christian slaves. The Ottomans lost their very profitable silk and spice trades in Europe. Europen powers became stronger than the Ottomans like the French and Spain.The decline of the Ottoman Empire started with the death of Suleiman the magnificent, and the Ottoman armies started to face defeat in the 1600's they lost the silk trade and the government became more corrupt the Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1923.
Religion: The Ottomans were Islamic sunnis and had many other religions in the Ottoman Empire. They sorted them in what is called millets which were community's with only one religion in them. They could practice their religion and have their own government but they had to report to the sultan.
Economy: The Ottomans were a very wealthy country for a very long time. The Ottomans were very big on trade a very big economic bonus for them was the very profitable silk and spice trade. The Ottomans traded on land and were a very big part of trading in the Mediterranean. Trading things like grains and materials for making glass to venice. The Ottomans lost the silk and spice trade in the 1600s which was a very bad thing for the downfall of the Ottomans.
Culture: The Ottomans spoke Turkish and some of the educated Ottomans spoke Arabic or Persian. The Ottomans had architecture that resembles the same style that the Byzantines had. The Ottomans had translated many different scientific texts from Greek to other languages like Arabic and became very educated in the practices of the Greeks.
Great Ottoman sultan: Suleiman the magnificent
Government: The Safavid empire was west of the Ottoman Empire and east of the Mughal empire. The Safavid empire created a sect that would fight for political power called kizilbash. The kizilbash or the translation red heads for the red hats that they had.
Religion: the Safavid people originally Sunni Muslim but in 1500s the shah esmā'īl converted them to Shia Muslims.
Economy: Abbas the great encouraged manufacturing and foreign trade. One of the more major products the Safavids made was carpets they made beautiful carpets the appeared in many rich English homes.
Culture: Abbas the great moved the capital to Esfahan a plateau great for building and he made a great city out of this plateau he made wide roads and a large park in the middle of the city. This park had room to play games and to shop the park was surrounded by shops. Abbas made a rule that if he walked into any store and he wanted something he would just take it and walk out be food shoes or anything else, I don't imagine that the shopkeepers liked that.
Great Safavid Shah: Abbas the great
Government: The Mughal empire spanned across almost all of India. The emperor Akbar had a great system for taxes if a village did not have a good harvest they would not be taxed but is they had a very good harvest then he would tax them and they would keep what they produced for themselves.
Religion: Akbar was fine with all religions he even removed the tax that the followers of religions other than Muslim had to pay. Akbar eventually thought of himself as a divine ruler and created a creed called the divine faith. The divine faith combined elements of many other religions.
Economy: very good positioning for trade between both Asia and Europe. Traded many jewels and gold. Mughal emperors even had more wealth than European kings.
Culture: the Mughal empire is greatly known for their architectural achievements like the Taj Mahal. The emperor Akbar encouraged the arts by supporting artists who were Hindu and artists who were Muslim. The architecture of the Mughals was a combination of Hindu Persian and Islamic styles of architecture.
Great Mughal Emperor: Akbar
holt world history chapter 18
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